Westernization or localization of human resource management practices in CIS countries? Evidence from Kazakh firms

Marina Latukha (Department of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Graduate School of Management, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Konstantin Malko (Department of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Graduate School of Management, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Publication date: 15 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the peculiarities of human resource management (HRM) practices in Kazakh firms and identify the factors that influence them. Attention is paid to analysis of the country-specific environment, which shapes the peculiarities of HRM and provides discussion on the respective Westernization or localization perspectives.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper argues that HRM practices are influenced by a number of factors, some of which are rather specific to Kazakhstan and some are common in a Commonwealth of Independent States’ context. The study uses exploratory research which includes the conduction of a survey, consisting of blocks of questions, for data collection.

Findings

The results show that despite dynamic economic growth of Kazakhstan’s economy, HRM practices are still in transition from those of Soviet heritage to ones that exist in Western multinational corporations. They cannot fully match the country’s needs for HRM development. Several recommendations for the future development of HRM in Kazakhstan are made.

Originality/value

The study examines the adaptation of HRM practices to the business environment in Kazakhstan.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The paper was done with partial support from the Center for the Study of Emerging Market and Russian Multinational Enterprise (project ID 15.61.172.2015).

Citation

Latukha, M. and Malko, K. (2019), "Westernization or localization of human resource management practices in CIS countries? Evidence from Kazakh firms", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 385-409. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-05-2016-0122

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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