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Book part
Publication date: 15 October 2005

Rafis Abazov

Since the first days of its independence, Kazakhstan has been overwhelmed by security issues involving its neighbors. It also recognized a number of conventional and…

Abstract

Since the first days of its independence, Kazakhstan has been overwhelmed by security issues involving its neighbors. It also recognized a number of conventional and unconventional security threats that might undermine stability and development in the region, as well as in the republic. One of the first official documents produced by the Kazakhstan government was the Strategy of Establishment and Development of Kazakhstan as a Sovereign State, initiated by President Nursultan Nazarbayev in May 1992.3 Although specific security threats in Kazakhstan were obvious (as the direction post-Soviet security, military arrangements and the CIS had yet to be determined), three sections of this document dealt specifically with security issues, albeit in relatively vague form.4 In the document, President Nazarbayev highlighted the fact that the national security of Kazakhstan had a regional dimension, and that relations with CIS members and other states with interests in Central Asia were very important.5 He stressed particularly that his country needed a military doctrine to “prevent and defend against (external) military threat.”6 It took several years for this concept of national security to be clarified and conceptualized in a comprehensive document, the Law on National Security of the Republic of Kazakhstan.7

Details

Eurasia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-011-1

Article
Publication date: 30 November 2021

Nasim S. Shirazi, Laura A. Kuanova, Adilbek Ryskulov and Aziya G. Mukusheva

This paper aims to take stock of the Islamic finance experience and aims to identify an approach for further development in Kazakhstan, using qualitative and quantitative…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to take stock of the Islamic finance experience and aims to identify an approach for further development in Kazakhstan, using qualitative and quantitative assessments.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a conceptual framework based on literature review and content analysis. Furthermore, the study uses a survey-based methodology to collect data and determine the prospects, challenges and possible remedies. The quantitative parameters of the potential of Islamic finance in Kazakhstan are based on the assessment of funds on bank deposits, which can be considered potential resources for Islamic financial instruments.

Findings

The results suggest improving the legal framework and institutional environment to grow Islamic finance in the country. Raising trust levels in a Shariah-based system within the local population, reducing transaction costs and reducing information asymmetry allow raising public awareness of Islamic finance and integrating Islamic finance into the conventional financial system.

Research limitations/implications

This paper is not free from limitations and does not focus on implementing the suggested results.

Social implications

This work elaborates in what way the Islamic finance advancement affects the development of economics and focuses on co-financing of real asset-based projects, with the risk and loss sharing; charity; strict prohibitions on the financing of haram activities, pseudo-needs; and subordination of the individual’s interests to society.

Originality/value

The proposed study presents originalities and it identifies the significant challenges and barriers for further Islamic financial industry development in Kazakhstan by professionals survey. Furthermore, the study assesses potential Islamic finance assets and provides recommendations for successful Islamic finance advancement, considering the peculiarities of the national economy.

Details

Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4179

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 December 2021

Anara S. Berdaliyeva, Alexandr I. Kim, Aliya M. Seraliyeva, Aivazkhan A. Gassanov and Makhambet V. Dunentayev

Despite all the anti-corruption measures and anti-corruption initiatives, people offer or accept bribes without any hesitation. As anywhere in the world, the negative…

Abstract

Purpose

Despite all the anti-corruption measures and anti-corruption initiatives, people offer or accept bribes without any hesitation. As anywhere in the world, the negative consequences of corruption lead to a reduction in direct investment, increase inequality and poverty, distort and use public investment and reduce public revenues. The purpose of this article is to study the criminological measures to counteract corruption offences in the field of illegal gambling.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodological basis of the study is the provisions of the theory of knowledge: the laws of dialectical materialism, philosophical categories and scientific principles of cognition of social and legal reality.

Findings

Although many components of foreign state anti-corruption programmes are quite problematic to apply in modern realities in the Republic of Kazakhstan, according to legal scholars, through gradual implementation into the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan because of the systematic improvement by the state of the content of regulations and responsible implementation of anti-corruption strategies. In this regard, one of the conditions in the fight against corruption is actions aimed at using the best practices of countries that are similar to each other in terms of religion, habits, traditions, ethics and morality.

Originality/value

Anti-corruption initiatives using information and communication technologies, such as digital public services and e-government, crowdsourcing platforms, tools for exposing, transparency portals, blockchain and artificial intelligence technologies can provide significant assistance in combating manifestations of corruption in the field of illegal gambling on the internet in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Details

Journal of Financial Crime, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-0790

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 December 2021

Nursulu Zh. Siubayeva, Aigul M. Kalguzhinova, Darkhan O. Ozbekov, Saule S. Serikbayeva and Kamshat S. Amirbek

In accordance with the country’s programme documents, the fight against corruption, defined as the most important strategic priority of the national policy of the Republic…

Abstract

Purpose

In accordance with the country’s programme documents, the fight against corruption, defined as the most important strategic priority of the national policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, acquires consistent political and legal support. The purpose of this paper is to study the criminal law combating corruption in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the methods of historical analysis of the current legal provisions, analysis of the compositions of malfeasances and synthesis were used.

Findings

This study considered the main historical stages and aspects of the development of modern legislation of criminal liability for corruption offences. The authors of this study provided sound proposals for improving the current legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Originality/value

This paper argues the need to develop corruptology as an independent interdisciplinary scientific area, the subject of which would be corruption as a political, sociological, economic, legal and criminological phenomenon; features of corruption and combating it throughout the history of state–legal relations.

Details

Journal of Financial Crime, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-0790

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 January 2022

Aigul K. Kussainova, Ainur A. Sabitova, Shynar A. Sabitova, Saule M. Saparaliyeva and Yernar N. Begaliyev

The relevance of this research topic lies in the fact that administrative responsibility for tax offences is one of the most complex sections of legislation providing for…

Abstract

Purpose

The relevance of this research topic lies in the fact that administrative responsibility for tax offences is one of the most complex sections of legislation providing for administrative responsibility, because an administrative offence in the field of taxation is considered inextricably with the norms of tax legislation. The purpose of this study is a comparative legal and historical analysis of the legislation on administrative responsibility for offences in the field of taxation and tax legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Design/methodology/approach

The research used general scientific, private scientific and legal methods of cognition, such as analysis, synthesis, historical, formal and logical methods, as well as the comparative-legal method, which was the main method of cognition in the study.

Findings

To reduce the number of administrative offences in the field of taxation, the study proposed the introduction of an open source of financial information on the income and taxes of tax collectors. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that taxation and administrative responsibility for the commission of offences in the field of taxation are studied in a simultaneous relationship with their formation and subsequent stages of development. The study examines the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the development of legislation in the field of taxation and on administrative responsibility in the field of taxation.

Originality/value

This paper is devoted to the study of legal norms establishing administrative responsibility for offences in the field of taxation.

Details

Journal of Financial Crime, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-0790

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 January 2022

Madina О. Kassimova, Yerbol A. Omarov, Ramazan R. Zhilkaidarov, Yerlan S. Abulgazin and Ainur A. Sabitova

The fight against corruption, which undermines the efficiency of the state apparatus and public confidence in public institutions, remains one of the critical present-day…

Abstract

Purpose

The fight against corruption, which undermines the efficiency of the state apparatus and public confidence in public institutions, remains one of the critical present-day tasks. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to identify the available possibilities and real practice of law enforcement of the norms on investigative prevention, the practical significance of this institution and its potential.

Design/methodology/approach

The study investigated theoretical materials on criminological prevention, legislative norms and available law enforcement practice.

Findings

It was discovered that, in general, the available statutory regulation is insufficient for the full-fledged practical implementation of the potential of investigative prevention. An exception is specialised prevention, assigned as one of the main tasks to the Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Combating Corruption. Proposals have been formulated to improve anti-corruption investigative prevention in other bodies of pre-trial investigation, considering the identified risks.

Originality/value

The uniqueness of the situation lies in the fact that the existence of the institution of investigative prevention, in fact, is limited to the post-Soviet space. The elimination of formalism in the approach to this method of crime prevention can contribute to greater efficiency in the fight against crime, including corruption.

Details

Journal of Financial Crime, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-0790

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2021

Ardasher Namazbay Yussupov and Akmaral Ardasherovna Yussupova

The purpose of this article discusses the design of underground eco-houses using a dome structure of light construction while taking into account the historical experience…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article discusses the design of underground eco-houses using a dome structure of light construction while taking into account the historical experience of the development of the local population. This article considered the traditions of folk architecture and modern sophistication in the creation of energy-efficient eco-houses in foreign countries in the context of architecture and construction of affordable residential homes for the local population.

Design/methodology/approach

The research presented in this paper was motivated by the need for developing agro-tourism facilities in hard-to-reach areas of the Silk Road in Southern Kazakhstan causes the construction of eco-houses built using local construction materials. Since ancient times in Southern Kazakhstan and during seasonal migrations in yurts of light construction, people have lived in mud-brick houses deep in the ground. Along with architectural and artistic solutions in building construction, great importance was attached to saving material resources, labour costs and achieving heat stability of residential buildings.

Findings

In the architectural and planning solution of the eco¬-house, progressive directions of construction of agrotechnical structures using renewable energy sources are adopted. Particular importance was given to the choice of the construction site on an elevated area nearby historical monuments and a favourable season for the construction of eco-houses with considering the natural and climatic characteristics of rural areas of Southern Kazakhstan.

Research limitations/implications

This paper discussed the issues of insulation, ventilation and improving the eco-house microclimate comfort using local building materials. Improving the architectural and artistic expressiveness of the eco-house in terms of the tradition of folk architecture was also explicitly discussed in this paper.

Practical implications

Tables with the justification of expediency of construction of economical eco-houses in natural and climatic conditions of Kazakhstan and Central Asia are provided. The results help to improve the energy efficiency of eco-houses in Kazakhstan by using renewable energy sources.

Social implications

Social benefits are associated with the use of local raw materials. Eco-houses built from traditional building materials can become accessible to a wide range of people and stimulate the development of small businesses. This may be associated with the construction of eco-houses to serve visiting tourists in remote picturesque oases, as well as the manufacture of dome structures, felt products and the preparation of reed panels and so on.

Originality/value

The thermotechnical characteristics of the region's ground energy are given, which can significantly save the cost of heating the eco-house. Solutions for optimal insolation, ventilation of the eco-house are provided, taking into account the natural and climatic conditions of Southern Kazakhstan.

Details

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-6099

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 February 2021

Yeşim Aliefendioğlu, Harun Tanrivermis and Monsurat Ayojimi Salami

This paper aims to investigate asymmetric pricing behaviour and impact of coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic shocks on house price index (HPI) of Turkey and Kazakhstan.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate asymmetric pricing behaviour and impact of coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic shocks on house price index (HPI) of Turkey and Kazakhstan.

Design/methodology/approach

Monthly HPIs and consumer price index (CPI) data ranges from 2010M1 to 2020M5 are used. This study uses a nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag model for empirical analysis.

Findings

The findings of this study reveal that the Covid-19 pandemic exerted both long-run and short-run asymmetric relationship on HPI of Turkey while in Kazakhstan, the long-run impact of Covid-19 pandemic shock is symmetrical long-run positive effect is similar in both HPI markets.

Research limitations/implications

The main limitations of this study are the study scope and data set due to data constraint. Several other macroeconomic variables may affect housing prices; however, variables used in this study satisfy the focus of this study in the presence of data constraint. HPI and CPI variables were made available on monthly basis for a considerably longer period which guaranteed the ranges of data set used in this study.

Practical implications

Despite the limitation, this study provides necessary information for authorities and prospective investors in HPI to make a sound investment decision.

Originality/value

This is the first study that rigorously and simultaneously examines the pricing behaviour of Turkey and Kazakhstan HPIs in relation to the Covid-19 pandemic shocks at the regional level. HPI of Kazakhstan is recognized in the global real estate transparency index but the study is rare. The study contributes to regional studies on housing price by bridging this gap in the real estate literature.

Details

International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8270

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1997

Farrokh Safavi

Kazakhstan is endowed with rich deposits of minerals, massive farmlands and a population of diverse ethnic backgrounds. Its independence in 1991 and adoption of a…

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Abstract

Kazakhstan is endowed with rich deposits of minerals, massive farmlands and a population of diverse ethnic backgrounds. Its independence in 1991 and adoption of a market‐oriented economy have brought new opportunities and challenges for efficient utilization of its abundant resources. The development process has been hampered by the low number of adequately qualified managers and business professionals who are familiar with the operation of a free‐market system. Reports the findings of field research in nine management training centres throughout Kazakhstan and examines their approaches to training qualified managers and business executives for public and private enterprises. Examines areas of strengths and weaknesses and offers suggestions for improvement.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 March 2007

Patrick Low and Ina Freeman

The purpose of this paper is to explore consumer behavior regarding women's decisions concerning fashion in the emerging marketing of Kazakhstan.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore consumer behavior regarding women's decisions concerning fashion in the emerging marketing of Kazakhstan.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature review formed the basis of the questions asked to several focus groups and in‐depth interviews of 48 Kazakhs representing the average age of Kazakhstan. The approach of the paper is exploratory as there is not a lot of research concerning the Kazakhstani marketplace.

Findings

Kazakhstani women are becoming aware of their rights to choose clothing and location of purchase. They expect to be treated with respect. The women are value conscious, thinking brand names enhance the value of clothing and will shop sales regardless of the actual discount. Kazakhstani women are extremely fashion conscious and look to the media for current fashions. They are wary of anything coming out of China. There are five market segments into which these women can be divided.

Research limitations/implications

The study was done in Almaty and may not reflect people outside urban Kazakhstan.

Practical implications

Kazakhstan is opening as a marketplace. In order to understand how to market in Kazakhstan, firms must understand what is wanted and this paper begins this exploration.

Originality/value

This market is unexplored both academically and by many clothing manufacturers. This market is opening and thus information concerning the marketplace is necessary.

Details

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-2026

Keywords

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