Social isolation and loneliness are global issues experienced by many seniors, especially immigrant and refugee seniors. Guided by the five-stage methodological framework proposed by Arksey and O’Malley and more recently Levac, Colquhoun and O’Brien, the purpose of this paper is to explore the existing literature on social isolation and loneliness among immigrant and refugee seniors in Canada.
The authors conducted a literature search of several databases including: PubMed; MEDLINE; CINAHL; Web of Science; HealthStar Ovid; PschyInfo Ovid; Social Services Abstracts; AgeLine; Public Health Database, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library. In total, 17 articles met the inclusion criteria.
Based on the current literature five themes related to social isolation and loneliness emerged: loss; living arrangements; dependency; barriers and challenges; and family conflict.
Given the increasing demographic of aging immigrants in Canada, it is useful to highlight existing knowledge on social isolation and loneliness to facilitate research, policy and programs to support this growing population.
The population is aging around the world and it is also becoming increasingly diverse particularly in the high-income country context. Understanding and addressing social isolation is important for immigrant and refugee seniors, given the sociocultural and other differences.
Social isolation is a waste of human resource and value created by seniors in the communities.
The paper makes a unique contribution by focusing on immigrant and refugee seniors.
Johnson, S., Bacsu, J., McIntosh, T., Jeffery, B. and Novik, N. (2019), "Social isolation and loneliness among immigrant and refugee seniors in Canada: a scoping review", International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 177-190. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-10-2018-0067Download as .RIS
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