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Electricity access and green financing in the African region

Geeta Rani Duppati (Department of Finance, Waikato Management School, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand) (University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand)
Stifanos Hailemariam (Department of Accounting and Business Studies, College of Business and Economics, Halhale, Eritrea)
Roselyn Murray (University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand)
Jana Kivell (Waikato Management School, Hamilton, New Zealand)

International Journal of Managerial Finance

ISSN: 1743-9132

Article publication date: 8 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to provide empirical evidence on two research questions: firstly, whether green finance is positively related to electricity access, and, secondly, if the domestic economic environment moderates the relationship between green finance and electricity access? This paper pays particular attention to the regional disparities in Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

While pursuing the study objectives, the authors apply a variety of statistical approaches and tools to assess the robustness of the findings. The authors use panel dataset for analysing data. In order to empirically examine the relationship between green finance and electricity access in the African region, the paper employs static and dynamic panel estimation methods, Poisson method and adopts two-step system generalized method of moments (GMM) approach for dealing with issues relating to endogeneity. The authors also use alternate proxy for the electricity access, which is drawn from the regulatory indicators for sustainable energy (RISE) scores.

Findings

The authors find that despite the fact that green funding appears to support job creation, household incomes aren't high enough to drive rising demand for electricity. The study underscores the role and responsibilities of external funding agencies to ensure that funds at the receiving end are effectively routed to encourage access to clean and sustainable energy, which is good to the economic and domestic environment. Further, due to the relatively modest size of some funds, the cost to administer those funds is larger than the funds themselves. This causes inefficiencies, which may temporarily provide jobs but not lasting growth. This means there is no regular need for energy, therefore larger investors have no reason to enter the market. This discourages investors from public-private partnerships or private investments and prevents future investment.

Research limitations/implications

The provide insights into the private-public partnerships and whether the challenges to electricity access are being turned into investment opportunities. The effects of the power Africa project initiatives are revealing, with, sanitation being an impediment to the development of electricity infrastructure, specifically in low-income group countries.

Practical implications

The study confirms the view that trivial amounts of green financing (US-Aid or grants) impose a burden on the absorptive capacity of the recipient government and increases the transaction costs and is likely to be an impediment (Kimura et al., 2012) to initiating projects that enhance electricity access.

Social implications

The results indicate that although green financing seems to be supporting employment opportunities, income levels are insufficient to create demand for electricity usage. It, therefore, becomes imperative that sanitation (SDG 6) is fully addressed in order to ensure that SDG 7 is attained.

Originality/value

The authors provide insights around the private public partnerships and whether the challenges to electricity access are being turned into investment opportunities. The effects of the power Africa project initiatives are revealing, with, sanitation being an impediment to the development of electricity infrastructure, specifically in low-income group countries.

Keywords

Citation

Duppati, G.R., Hailemariam, S., Murray, R. and Kivell, J. (2022), "Electricity access and green financing in the African region", International Journal of Managerial Finance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMF-10-2021-0513

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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