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Trade unions strategies to address inclusion of vulnerable employees in “anchored” services in Europe

Vassil Kirov (Centre Prierre Naville, University Evry-Val-d'Essone, Évry, France AND Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)
Pernille Hohnen (Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark)

International Journal of Manpower

ISSN: 0143-7720

Article publication date: 7 September 2015




The purpose of this paper is to investigate how trade unions may address the questions of inclusion of vulnerable employees in low-wage “anchored” sectors in the European Union.


The findings presented in the paper are mainly results of the analysis of stakeholder policies and strategies on the national level and on the European level, including both desk research and interviews with social partner representatives and other experts in the sectors as well as company case studies carried out in the examined countries in three selected sectors: cleaning, waste collection and catering.


The main findings of the paper refer to the indirect way in which trade unions try to promote the inclusion of vulnerable groups in the examined sectors. On this basis are formulated policy recommendations.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is based on case study research that does not cover all possible “anchored” services, vulnerable groups and types of countries, according to their employment and social models.

Practical implications

This paper formulates practical recommendations to European trade unions in the services.


The originality of the paper is related to comparative research focused on services sectors and the consequences of the spatial reorganisation of sectors for the trade union actions.



Kirov, V. and Hohnen, P. (2015), "Trade unions strategies to address inclusion of vulnerable employees in “anchored” services in Europe", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 36 No. 6, pp. 848-873.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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