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The changing landscape of digital transformation in supply chains: impacts of industry 4.0 in Vietnam

Mohammadreza Akbari (College of Business, Law and Governance, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia)
Seng Kiat Kok (RMIT International University - Saigon South Campus, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam)
John Hopkins (Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia)
Guilherme F. Frederico (School of Management, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil)
Hung Nguyen (RMIT International University - Hanoi City Campus, Hanoi, Viet Nam)
Abel Duarte Alonso (RMIT International University - Hanoi City Campus, Hanoi, Viet Nam)

The International Journal of Logistics Management

ISSN: 0957-4093

Article publication date: 13 June 2023




The purpose of the article is to contribute to the body of research on digital transformation among members of the supply chain operating in an emerging economy. This paper researches the digital transformation trends happening across Vietnamese supply chains, by investigating the current adoption rates, predicted impact levels and financial investments being made in key Industry 4.0 technologies.


By using a semi-structured online survey, the experiences of 281 supply chain professionals in Vietnam were captured. Subsequently, statistical techniques examining variances in means, regression analysis and Monte Carlo simulation were applied.


The findings of this study offer a comprehensive understanding of Industry 4.0 technology in Vietnam, highlighting the prevalent technologies being prioritized. Big data analytics and the Internet of things are expected to have the most substantial impact on businesses over the next 5–10 years and have received the most financial investment. Conversely, Blockchain is perceived as having less potential for future investment. The study further identifies several technological synergies, such as combining advanced robotics, artificial intelligence and the Internet of things to build effective and flexible factories, that can lead to more comprehensive solutions. It also extends diffusion of innovation theory, encompassing investment and impact considerations.


This study offers valuable insights into the impact and financial investment in Industry 4.0 technologies by Vietnamese supply chain firms. It provides a theoretical contribution via an extension of the diffusion of innovation theory and contributes toward a better understanding of the current Industry 4.0 landscape in developing economies. The findings have significant implications for future managerial decision-making, on the impact, viability and resourcing needs when undertaking digital transformation.



Akbari, M., Kok, S.K., Hopkins, J., Frederico, G.F., Nguyen, H. and Alonso, A.D. (2023), "The changing landscape of digital transformation in supply chains: impacts of industry 4.0 in Vietnam", The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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