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The usefulness of sensor fusion for unmanned aerial vehicle indoor positioning

Hang Guo (Information Engineering School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China)
Xin Chen (Information Engineering School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China)
Min Yu (College of Software, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China)
Marcin Uradziński (Faculty of Geoengineering, Uniwersytet Warminsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Olsztyn, Poland)
Liang Cheng (Information Engineering School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, China)

International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems

ISSN: 2049-6427

Article publication date: 2 May 2023

Issue publication date: 24 January 2024

127

Abstract

Purpose

In this study, an indoor sensor information fusion positioning system of the quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was investigated to solve the problem of unstable indoor flight positioning.

Design/methodology/approach

The presented system was built on Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and LiDAR-Lite devices. Based on this, one can obtain the aircraft's current attitude and the position vector relative to the target and control the attitudes and positions of the UAV to reach the specified target positions. While building a UAV positioning model relative to the target for indoor positioning scenarios under limited Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), the system detects the environment through the NVIDIA Jetson TX2 (Transmit Data) peripheral sensor, obtains the current attitude and the position vector of the UAV, packs the data in the format and delivers it to the flight controller. Then the flight controller controls the UAV by calculating the posture to reach the specified target position.

Findings

The authors used two systems in the experiment. The first is the proposed UAV, and the other is the Vicon system, our reference system for comparison purposes. Vicon positioning error can be considered lower than 2 mm from low to high-speed experiments. After comparison, experimental results demonstrated that the system could fully meet the requirements (less than 50 mm) in real-time positioning of the indoor quadrotor UAV flight. It verifies the accuracy and robustness of the proposed method compared with that of Vicon and achieves the aim of a stable indoor flight preliminarily.

Originality/value

Vicon positioning error can be considered lower than 2 mm from low to high-speed experiments. After comparison, experimental results demonstrated that the system could fully meet the requirements (less than 50 mm) in real-time positioning of the indoor quadrotor UAV flight. It verifies the accuracy and robustness of the proposed method compared with that of Vicon and achieves the aim of a stable indoor flight preliminarily.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China, grant number 41764002.

Citation

Guo, H., Chen, X., Yu, M., Uradziński, M. and Cheng, L. (2024), "The usefulness of sensor fusion for unmanned aerial vehicle indoor positioning", International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIUS-01-2023-0006

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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