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A novel image super-resolution reconstruction algorithm based on improved GANs and gradient penalty

Shuangshuang Liu (Department of Computer Science, Nanchang Business College of Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, China)
Xiaoling Li (Department of Information Engineering, Gongqing College of Nanchang University, Gongqingcheng, China)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Publication date: 12 August 2019



Conventional image super-resolution reconstruction by the conventional deep learning architectures suffers from the problems of hard training and gradient disappearing. In order to solve such problems, the purpose of this paper is to propose a novel image super-resolution algorithm based on improved generative adversarial networks (GANs) with Wasserstein distance and gradient penalty.


The proposed algorithm first introduces the conventional GANs architecture, the Wasserstein distance and the gradient penalty for the task of image super-resolution reconstruction (SRWGANs-GP). In addition, a novel perceptual loss function is designed for the SRWGANs-GP to meet the task of image super-resolution reconstruction. The content loss is extracted from the deep model’s feature maps, and such features are introduced to calculate mean square error (MSE) for the loss calculation of generators.


To validate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed algorithm, a lot of compared experiments are applied on three common data sets, i.e. Set5, Set14 and BSD100. Experimental results have shown that the proposed SRWGANs-GP architecture has a stable error gradient and iteratively convergence. Compared with the baseline deep models, the proposed GANs models have a significant improvement on performance and efficiency for image super-resolution reconstruction. The MSE calculated by the deep model’s feature maps gives more advantages for constructing contour and texture.


Compared with the state-of-the-art algorithms, the proposed algorithm obtains a better performance on image super-resolution and better reconstruction results on contour and texture.



Liu, S. and Li, X. (2019), "A novel image super-resolution reconstruction algorithm based on improved GANs and gradient penalty", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 400-413.



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