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Integrate inconsistent and heterogeneous data based on user feedback

Lihua Lu (School of Computer Science, Fudan University, Shanghai, P. R. China and College of Mathematics and Information Science, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Henan, P.R. China)
Hengzhen Zhang (College of Information Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, P. R. China)
Xiao-Zhi Gao (Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Article publication date: 8 June 2015



Data integration is to combine data residing at different sources and to provide the users with a unified interface of these data. An important issue on data integration is the existence of conflicts among the different data sources. Data sources may conflict with each other at data level, which is defined as data inconsistency. The purpose of this paper is to aim at this problem and propose a solution for data inconsistency in data integration.


A relational data model extended with data source quality criteria is first defined. Then based on the proposed data model, a data inconsistency solution strategy is provided. To accomplish the strategy, fuzzy multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) approach based on data source quality criteria is applied to obtain the results. Finally, users feedbacks strategies are proposed to optimize the result of fuzzy MADM approach as the final data inconsistent solution.


To evaluate the proposed method, the data obtained from the sensors are extracted. Some experiments are designed and performed to explain the effectiveness of the proposed strategy. The results substantiate that the solution has a better performance than the other methods on correctness, time cost and stability indicators.

Practical implications

Since the inconsistent data collected from the sensors are pervasive, the proposed method can solve this problem and correct the wrong choice to some extent.


In this paper, for the first time the authors study the effect of users feedbacks on integration results aiming at the inconsistent data.



The authors would like to express the sincere appreciation to the anonymous reviews for the insightful comments, which have greatly aides the authors in improving the quality of the paper.


Lu, L., Zhang, H. and Gao, X.-Z. (2015), "Integrate inconsistent and heterogeneous data based on user feedback", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 187-203.



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