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Multi-fuel energy source dispatch considering bi-objectives using ant lion algorithm

Balachandar Pandiyan (Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India)
Sivarajan Ganesan (Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India)
Nadanasabapathy Jayakumar (Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India)
Srikrishna Subramanian (Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 17 January 2018

Issue publication date: 20 March 2018




The ever-stringent environmental regulations force power producers to produce electricity at the cheapest price and with minimum pollutant emission levels. The electrical power generation from fossil fuel releases several contaminants into the air, and this becomes excrescent if the generating unit is fed by multiple fuel sources (MFSs). Inclusion of this issue in operational tasks is a welcome perspective. This paper aims to develop a multi-objective model comprising total fuel cost and pollutant emission.


The cost-effective and environmentally responsive power system operations in the presence of MFSs can be recognised as a multi-objective constrained optimisation problem with conflicting operational objectives. The complexity of the problem requires a suitable optimisation tool. Ant lion algorithm (ALA), the most recent nature-inspired algorithm, was used as the main optimisation tool because of its salient characteristics. The fuzzy decision-making mechanism has been integrated to determine the best compromised solution in the multi-objective framework.


This paper is the first to propose a more precise and practical operational model for studying a multi-fuel power dispatch scenario considering valve-point effects and CO2 emission. The modern meta-heuristic algorithm ALA is applied for the first time to address the economic operation of thermal power systems with multiple fuel options.

Practical implications

Power companies aim to make profit by abiding by the norms of the regulatory board. To achieve economic benefits, the power system must be analysed using an accurate operational model. The proposed model integrates total fuel cost, valve-point loadings and CO2 emission, which are prevailing power system operational objectives. The economic advantages of the operational model can be observed through economic deviation indices, and the performed analysis validates that the developed model corresponds to the actual power operation.


The realistic operational model is proposed by considering total fuel and pollutant emission, and the ALA is applied for the first time to address the proposed multi-objective problem. To validate the effectiveness of ALA, it is implemented in standard test systems with varying generating units (10-100) and the IEEE 30 bus system, and various kinds of power system operations are performed. Moreover, the comparison and performance analysis confirm that the current proposal is found enhanced in terms of solution quality.



The authors thank the management of Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, India, for providing the necessary facilities to carry out this research work.


Pandiyan, B., Ganesan, S., Jayakumar, N. and Subramanian, S. (2018), "Multi-fuel energy source dispatch considering bi-objectives using ant lion algorithm", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 2-27.



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