An econometric analysis of electricity consumption and real sector performance in Nigeria
International Journal of Energy Sector Management
Article publication date: 17 May 2021
Issue publication date: 26 July 2021
The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent at which electricity consumption (EC) has contributed to real sector performance, to identify energy-dependent sectors of the economy for appropriate sector-specific policy interventions and to avoid energy conservation policies that may retard the growth of the real sector and economic growth in general.
This paper used time series data, covering the period between 1981 and 2015. Various time series econometric analyses such as unit root test for stationarity and vector autoregressive and vector error correction models were used to establish the long-run and short-run co-integration relationship among the variables.
This study finds that EC displays a little and insignificant impact on manufacturing sector output, as well as agriculture and service outputs. The empirical result from causality test suggests a unidirectional causality running from agriculture to EC, as well as service sector to EC, whereas bidirectional causality runs between EC and manufacturing sector. This study therefore recommends adequate power supply to the manufacturing sector, while energy efficiency policy and regulatory reform should address agriculture and service sectors.
Few studies have examined the impact of EC on disaggregated gross domestic product. This research gap has strong policy implications on Nigerian economy as the output of real sector plays vital role in driving the economy. Given the pressing needs for Nigeria to boost real sector output and be among the world’s 20 largest economies by 2030, it becomes imperative for this sector-specific research to be conducted to ensure that sectoral purpose-driven energy interventions are formulated to address power supply challenges in the real sector.
Chitedze, I., Nwedeh, C.C.N., Adeola, A. and Abonyi, D.C.C. (2021), "An econometric analysis of electricity consumption and real sector performance in Nigeria", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 855-873. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-04-2020-0003
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited