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Prospects of augmented reality and virtual reality for online education: a scientometric view

Chandan Kumar Tiwari (College of Economics and Business Administration, University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Muscat, Oman)
Preeti Bhaskar (Department of Business Studies, Ibra College of Technology, Ibra, Oman) (ICFAI Business School, ICFAI University Dehradun, Dehradun, India)
Abhinav Pal (Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, NOIDA, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India)

International Journal of Educational Management

ISSN: 0951-354X

Article publication date: 9 August 2023

Issue publication date: 15 August 2023




Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are becoming increasingly interwoven into people's daily lives, with applications in fields such as science, engineering, medical, the arts, education, finance and business. While much study has been conducted in the field of VR and AR in a variety of areas, less attention has been paid to online education. The purpose of this research is to conduct a systematic review of studies on AR and VR, as well as its applications in many disciplines of education, with a special emphasis on online education.


The data were gathered from the SCOPUS database under the subject “Augmented and Virtual Reality Applications in Online Education.” The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) format has been used to summarize the available literature and research in academics throughout the world. First, systematic literature reviews and later bibliometric analysis were conducted for performance and science mapping analysis.


The research adds to the body of knowledge about the role of AR and VR in online education and its future prospects. AR and VR have demonstrated a substantial contribution to facilitating teaching in a variety of fields, including engineering, medicine, nursing and chemistry. Additionally, this research indicates that AR and VR can be utilized to teach various areas and specialties. Additionally, it can be used in other aspects of online education, such as admissions, industry visits, training, internationalization and specific courses for students with disabilities.

Practical implications

This research lays the framework for educational institutions, legislators and researchers to investigate additional applications of VR and AR. Though this research suggests some possible uses for AR and VR in the online education system, more applications can be integrated into the online education system to fully leverage the potential of AR and VR worldwide. AR and VR have the potential to be a very cost-effective method of delivering online education on a wide scale in the future.


The article explores the applicability of VR and AR in education using bibliometric analysis. This is one of the first studies to do an assessment of VR and AR, evaluating their strengths, drawbacks and current applications. Future application areas are also identified as a result of the investigation.



Since acceptance of this article, the following author(s) have updated their affiliation(s): Preeti Bhaskar is at the College of Economics and Business Administration, University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Ibra, Oman.


Tiwari, C.K., Bhaskar, P. and Pal, A. (2023), "Prospects of augmented reality and virtual reality for online education: a scientometric view", International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 37 No. 5, pp. 1042-1066.



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