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Strategic positioning of projects in crowdfunding platforms: do advanced technology terms referencing, signaling and articulation matter?

Yilong Zheng (Girard School of Business, Merrimack College, North Andover, Massachusetts, USA)
Yiru Wang (School of Business, State University of New York, Oswego, New York, USA)
Sarfraz A. Mian (School of Business, State University of New York, Oswego, New York, USA)

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research

ISSN: 1355-2554

Article publication date: 1 December 2022

44

Abstract

Purpose

Tracking trends in new technology funding patterns is essential for venture scaling. The emerging advanced digital technologies (ADT) such as virtual reality (VR), artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain and Internet-of-things (IoT) promote business innovation adaptations, and in turn, reshape the industrial landscape. To attract nascent funding for such prospective projects among the public, well-articulated project pitches that are equipped with effective marketing communication convey the projects' importance and marketability. Specifically, when the entrepreneurs and the crowdfunding platform users interact via different types of crowdfunding platforms, pitch framing, including the signaling of ADT terms, project location and fundraising goal, becomes imperative to help facilitate crowdfunding success.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on data collected from six leading US-based equity and reward-based crowdfunding platforms in 2020, an empirical study was performed. Using the text analysis approach, the authors examined the positive effects of incorporating technology orientation on crowdfunding success. While the effect between the project description's signaling of geographic location, fundraising goal and articulation style on fundraising success, while controlling for project and platform characteristics.

Findings

The results suggested that the technology-orientated projects are more likely to achieve better fundraising outcomes. Taking crowdfunding platform types, project locations, minimum fundraising goals and articulation with analytical and authentic into consideration, the results still hold.

Originality/value

Building on the theoretical framework of signaling theory, the authors consider the crowdfunding-specific contextual factors to enhance the understanding of the positivity impact of technology orientation. By such addition, it facilitates more effective strategic composition of entrepreneurs' fundraising conversations.

Keywords

Citation

Zheng, Y., Wang, Y. and Mian, S.A. (2022), "Strategic positioning of projects in crowdfunding platforms: do advanced technology terms referencing, signaling and articulation matter?", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-01-2022-0071

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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