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Human capital interaction on foreign aid-growth nexus: evidence from South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

Stanley Emife Nwani (School of Management and Social Sciences, Pan-Atlantic University, Ibeju-Lekki, Lagos)

International Journal of Development Issues

ISSN: 1446-8956

Article publication date: 17 May 2021

Issue publication date: 6 July 2021

196

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the interactive role of human capital development (HCD) in foreign aid-growth relations in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa countries from 1985–2019.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used panel data that cut across all countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa collected from The World Bank’s Development Indicators. The data were analysed using Bai and Ng panel unit root idiosyncratic cross-sectional tests and the system generalised method of moments (SGMM).

Findings

The study found that foreign aid and HCD have negative impacts on economic growth. Fortunately, the interaction of human capital with foreign aid reduces the extent to which foreign aid impedes economic growth. The presumption is that South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa economies had not reaped the potential growth effect of foreign aid inflows due to high illiteracy rates and weak social capacities. The peculiarity of these regions hinders the absorptive capacity to transform positive externality associated with foreign aid into sizeable economic prosperity.

Practical implications

It is imperative for South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa countries to not depend on foreign aid; instead, the strategic action by policymakers should be to developing sustainable social capacities with HCD as the centre-piece.

Originality/value

The highpoint of this study is its inter-regional approach and the interplay between human capital and foreign aid using the second generation panel unit root estimator and the SGMM approaches.

Keywords

Citation

Nwani, S.E. (2021), "Human capital interaction on foreign aid-growth nexus: evidence from South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa", International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 258-279. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDI-11-2020-0261

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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