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A wicking measurement approach to evaluate the protection of non-medical face mask fabrics

Giovanni Anggasta (Department of Industrial Engineering, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Iwan Halim Sahputra (Department of Industrial Engineering, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia)
Debora Anne Yang Aysia (Department of Industrial Engineering, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 28 November 2022

9

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this research is to systematically compare two methods of wicking test for evaluating the quality of the non-medical-mask fabric, i.e. its absorbency property at various conditions, using a design of experiment approach. This research also evaluates the suitability of several fabrics to be used for non-medical masks.

Design/methodology/approach

Horizontal and vertical wicking tests were selected to evaluate the absorbency property of five fabrics commonly used for the non-medical mask. The tests were performed at three temperatures and using two types of liquid. The design of experiment approach was employed to determine the relationship between the path length of liquid movement in fabric and type of test method, temperature and type of liquid.

Findings

Both vertical and horizontal wicking tests show the same order of fabrics according to their absorbency. The order is cotton twill, local cotton, Japanese cotton, Oxford and Scuba, where the first in the order has the lowest absorbency and the last has the highest absorbency. Based on the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the range of temperature and types of liquid employed in this research do not affect the path length of the liquid movement in the fabric.

Originality/value

This research proposes horizontal and vertical wicking tests as a practical tool to evaluate absorbency property of fabric for the non-medical mask. This research also presents a design of experiment approach to evaluate the effect of the test method, temperature and type of liquid on the path length of the liquid movement in the fabric.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Institute of Research and Community Outreach, Petra Christian University (grant number : 07/HKB-Penelitian/LPPM-UKP/XI/2020).

Citation

Anggasta, G., Sahputra, I.H. and Aysia, D.A.Y. (2022), "A wicking measurement approach to evaluate the protection of non-medical face mask fabrics", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-09-2021-0124

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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