The objective of this research is to systematically compare two methods of wicking test for evaluating the quality of the non-medical-mask fabric, i.e. its absorbency property at various conditions, using a design of experiment approach. This research also evaluates the suitability of several fabrics to be used for non-medical masks.
Horizontal and vertical wicking tests were selected to evaluate the absorbency property of five fabrics commonly used for the non-medical mask. The tests were performed at three temperatures and using two types of liquid. The design of experiment approach was employed to determine the relationship between the path length of liquid movement in fabric and type of test method, temperature and type of liquid.
Both vertical and horizontal wicking tests show the same order of fabrics according to their absorbency. The order is cotton twill, local cotton, Japanese cotton, Oxford and Scuba, where the first in the order has the lowest absorbency and the last has the highest absorbency. Based on the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the range of temperature and types of liquid employed in this research do not affect the path length of the liquid movement in the fabric.
This research proposes horizontal and vertical wicking tests as a practical tool to evaluate absorbency property of fabric for the non-medical mask. This research also presents a design of experiment approach to evaluate the effect of the test method, temperature and type of liquid on the path length of the liquid movement in the fabric.
This work was supported by Institute of Research and Community Outreach, Petra Christian University (grant number : 07/HKB-Penelitian/LPPM-UKP/XI/2020).
Anggasta, G., Sahputra, I.H. and Aysia, D.A.Y. (2023), "A wicking measurement approach to evaluate the protection of non-medical face mask fabrics", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 35 No. 2, pp. 234-244. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-09-2021-0124
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited