The purpose of this paper is to define the relationships between the structure of multi-thread fancy yarns and the combination of the rotational speed of the hollow-spindle spinning system and thickness and stiffness of the effect component.
To do so, two groups of fancy yarns were made using stiff and soft effect threads and at six different machine settings.
It was found that the stiff effect thread was suitable to make fancy yarns at low rotational speeds, while the thickness of the effect threads was more important than its stiffness at low number of wraps. Additionally, even when using the same number of wraps and the overfeed ratio, a bouclé yarn, a gimp yarn, a wavy yarn or a loop yarn may results if the thickness and stiffness of the effect thread and the rotational speed were all controlled properly.
This study helps fancy yarn spinners to determine the type of final fancy yarns by controlling the spinning geometry in the first spinning zone.
Alshukur, M. and Yurchenko, D. (2019), "Experimental study on the spinning geometry of multi-thread fancy yarn on hollow-spindle spinning machines: Part II", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 31 No. 4, pp. 454-461. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-05-2017-0065
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