Exploring the policy environment for mainstreaming community-based adaptation (CBA) in Nepal

Bimal Raj Regmi (School of Social and Policy Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia)
Cassandra Star (School of Social and Policy Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia)

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management

ISSN: 1756-8692

Publication date: 16 November 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to shed light onto the policy context of mainstreaming community-based adaptation (CBA) in Nepal. Scaling up CBA needs strong policy support.

Design/methodology/approach

The content and processes of Nepal’s development policies and climate change policies and programmes were examined. The policy analysis was supported by a literature review, review of policy documents and interviews and discussions undertaken with policy-makers, practitioners and communities.

Findings

Findings show that despite a lack of clear focus on climate change, the decentralization provisions and bottom-up practices within Nepal’s development policies and plans could be the entry points for mainstreaming CBA. However, experience shows that decentralization alone is insufficient because it benefits only a few institutions and individuals, while marginalizing the real beneficiaries. One of the policy conditions to mainstreaming CBA in development is to ensure that there are specific provisions for decentralization and inclusive devolution that can provide power and authority to local institutions and communities to make independent decisions and benefit the needy. There should also be mandatory legal provisions, endorsed by a country’s government, for an inclusive, citizen-centric, participatory and bottom-up policy-making process that involves the most vulnerable households and communities.

Originality/value

This paper is of relevance to policy-makers and practitioners in Nepal seeking to make informed policy decisions on effectively mainstreaming CBA into development. The analysis provided of the synergy and trade-offs within existing policy provisions and processes can be used to guide the government and stakeholders in Nepal and other least developed countries (LDCs) in creating favorable national- and local-level policies and action plans.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Prof Susanne Schech and Emily Collins for providing valuable input to strengthen the paper. The article could not have been developed without the support of the respondents, particularly the policy-makers, practitioners and communities interviewed in Nepal.

Citation

Regmi, B.R. and Star, C. (2015), "Exploring the policy environment for mainstreaming community-based adaptation (CBA) in Nepal", International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 423-441. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-04-2014-0050

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Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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