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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1992

Clarrie Burke

Presents a case study of the emergence and early stages ofimplementation of Queensland Education Department′s policy fordevolution of responsibility to State Schools. Has…

Abstract

Presents a case study of the emergence and early stages of implementation of Queensland Education Department′s policy for devolution of responsibility to State Schools. Has four major purposes: to clarify the rhetoric by which the Department has developed and promoted its devolution policy; critically to examine the efficacy of the policy when it is “played out”, in “reality”, at the “school face”; to explore possible positive outcomes of the policy, potential impediments (within the Department and school community), and prerequisites to effective implementation; and to consider what is needed in pre‐service teacher education to enable future teachers readily to function in a school‐based organizational context. The “message” which emerges from these considerations is that stakeholders at all levels need to be vigilant observers, watching for inconsistencies as they develop, between the rhetoric and the reality of devolution policy in practice – in particular, “regression” towards centralized, bureaucratic control. Proposes an approach to a safeguard mechanism which could be applied at regular intervals. Poses questions at two levels: at the system level and at the level of the community at large.

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Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2015

Hugh Bainbridge

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the different rationales for devolving people management responsibilities to the line and examine their consequences for the HR…

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4206

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the different rationales for devolving people management responsibilities to the line and examine their consequences for the HR function and HR’s interactions with line managers and employees.

Design/methodology/approach

A model was developed and tested that describes how the rationale for devolving people management to the line influences the HR function, HR’s interactions with line managers and the quality of people management. Survey data were collected from 446 managers who reported that their organisations had devolved people management to the line.

Findings

Results indicate that devolution rationales are associated with distinct changes to the HR function’s strategic integration and size. These changes in the HR function are in turn associated with utilisation of line manager focused HR practices, HR’s business partner orientation and people management effectiveness.

Practical implications

The HR function should consider changes that refine job descriptions to include a clear statement of people management responsibilities, ensure performance appraisals incorporate an assessment of people management effectiveness and prioritise line manager training and rewards in an environment where line managers may be less than enthusiastic about their newly acquired people management responsibilities.

Originality/value

The study contributes to the devolution literature by outlining how the effects of devolution are tied to the rationale underlying devolution efforts. It suggests that the tendency to conceptualise devolution without reference to the reason why it is pursued may be contributing to the controversy over its consequences.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 44 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2006

Rosalía Cascón‐Pereira, Mireia Valverde and Gerard Ryan

Few definitions in the HRM literature have reached as much consensus as the term “devolution”. However, devolution is a phenomenon that has been defined from the…

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3049

Abstract

Purpose

Few definitions in the HRM literature have reached as much consensus as the term “devolution”. However, devolution is a phenomenon that has been defined from the perspective of HRM specialists, with little or no contribution from middle managers. This paper seeks to explore what is behind the commonly shared definition of devolution, by examining not only the actual tasks that are being devolved, but also by trying to establish different degrees of devolution according to a number of dimensions.

Design/methodology/approach

An approach that facilitated the exploration of the extent of devolution and impact on middle managers' perceptions was required. A qualitative approach was adopted. Specifically, a case study of a hospital in Spain was undertaken. The research methods included in‐depth interviews, participant observation and internal documentation.

Findings

The findings emphasize the importance of reflecting on the reality and the rhetoric of devolution. The results indicate that it is worthwhile to break down the concept of devolution into dimensions (tasks and responsibilities, decision‐making power, financial power and expertise power) and to specify what dimensions are devolved.

Practical implications

There is a clear difference between the rhetoric of devolution and what actually happens in practice. In order to distinguish between those organisations that go beyond the rhetoric of devolution, it is important to differentiate between the devolution of tasks and the devolution of decision‐making power and autonomy in order to undertake these tasks. This differentiation facilitates the identification of those companies which display superficial levels of devolution and take steps to advance the process.

Originality/value

This paper questions the traditional definition of devolution. It proposes a new definition of devolution based on the identification of various dimensions and incorporates the perspectives of all the actors involved in the process.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2021

Leandro da Silva Nascimento, Júlio César da Costa Júnior, Viviane Santos Salazar and Adriana Fumi Chim-Miki

Coopetition is a well-studied phenomenon in traditional enterprises. However, it lacks deepening in the social sphere, specifically on hybrid organizations (social and…

Abstract

Purpose

Coopetition is a well-studied phenomenon in traditional enterprises. However, it lacks deepening in the social sphere, specifically on hybrid organizations (social and commercial goals). This paper analyzes the configuration of coopetition strategies in social enterprises and how these strategies can improve social value devolution.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted a multicase study with Brazilian social enterprises and a social incubator. Semistructured interviews with founders of the social enterprises and the president of the incubator were the primary sources of evidence, supported by observations and secondary data.

Findings

The authors identified four main findings: (1) the social incubator induces coopetition among social enterprises; (2) coopetition is necessary to improve market performance; (3) coopetition is a natural strategy resulting from the activity of the social enterprise; (4) the behavior and context of social enterprises generate a new framework for coopetition formation. This framework comprises three stages of value: a social cooperation level to co-creation of value; second, a social competition level to the appropriation of value; and the third coopetition-balanced level to social value devolution.

Originality/value

The authors advance knowledge on coopetition in an exciting, underexplored context, social entrepreneurship. The authors highlight that the coopetition nature and outcome in social enterprises have specificities compared to traditional businesses. The authors also improve the understanding of social value devolution based on simultaneous cooperation and competition among small social enterprises, allowing theoretical and practical implications. Thus, they advance the recurring discussion in coopetition literature beyond the generation and appropriation of value.

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International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

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Abstract

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Organisational Roadmap Towards Teal Organisations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-311-7

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Book part
Publication date: 28 November 2019

Keith Shaw

This chapter considers the impact of Brexit on devolution within England, focussing particularly on the implications for the governance of the rural North of England. It…

Abstract

This chapter considers the impact of Brexit on devolution within England, focussing particularly on the implications for the governance of the rural North of England. It captures how Brexit adds uncertainty and complexity to the devolution deal process that has been criticised for its lack of clear principles, lack of rural focus and the creation of artificial governance boundaries. In contrast, the chapter argues that Brexit has served to allow space for devolution to take shape locally – as the centre is preoccupied by ‘high’ politics – and has reinforced the importance of taking on the interests of rural areas and small towns more seriously.

In focussing on the recent developments in devolution in Northern England, including the Borderlands Growth Deal and the new 2019 North of Tyne Combined Authority, the chapter concludes by outlining how order is emerging out of chaos in terms of the decluttering of devolution governance, how new forms of place-making can emerge in the Northern Powerhouse and how more genuine rural devolution deals are achievable in the period ahead.

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The North East After Brexit: Impact and Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-009-7

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Article
Publication date: 7 April 2020

Maria Elena Santagati, Sara Bonini Baraldi and Luca Zan

Decentralization is a widespread and international phenomenon in public administration. Despite the interest of public management scholars, an in-depth analysis of the…

Abstract

Purpose

Decentralization is a widespread and international phenomenon in public administration. Despite the interest of public management scholars, an in-depth analysis of the interrelationship between two of its forms – deconcentration and devolution – and its impact on policy and management capacities at the local level is seldom investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

This article addresses this gap by examining the implementation of deconcentration and devolution processes in France and Italy in the cultural field, combining the analysis of national reform processes with in-depth analyses of two regional cases. The research is the result of document analysis, participatory observation and semi-structured interviews.

Findings

The article reconstructs the impacts of devolution and deconcentration processes on the emergence of policy and management capacity in two regions (Rhone-Alpes and Piedmont) in the cultural sector. The article shows that decentralization in the cultural sector in France and Italy is the result of different combinations of devolution and deconcentration processes, that the two processes mutually affect their effectiveness, and that this effectiveness is deeply linked to the previous policy and management capacity of the central state in a specific field/country.

Originality/value

The article investigates decentralization as a result of the combination of deconcentration and devolution in comparative terms and in a specific sector of implementation, highlighting the usefulness of this approach also for other sectors/countries

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 33 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

Faiz ur Rahim and Nasim Shah Shirazi

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of local governments in Pakistan through citizen’s satisfaction with local public service delivery in the…

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of local governments in Pakistan through citizen’s satisfaction with local public service delivery in the context of the 2001 devolution plan.

Design/methodology/approach

Multiple-choice models are used to identify various determinants of citizen satisfaction from local governments. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the citizens such as age, gender, profession, education level, social status, geographical location and devolution policy (absence or presence of local government) are possible determinants of the model. While, the dependent variable is a satisfaction index constructed through exploratory factor analysis, using information obtained through a questionnaire.

Findings

The devolution policy variable is found to be statistically significant, indicating that people’s satisfaction level declined significantly when the devolution plan was rolled back. The impact of demographic and socio-economic variables on citizen satisfaction with local government is also found to be statistically significant in a majority of cases. Results indicate that people living in urban city districts are comparatively more satisfied than inhabitants of rural areas. Heterogeneity in satisfaction is found across different provinces, suggesting the need for institutional and political reforms. Moreover, people from a lower social status are more satisfied, indicating that the devolution process is in the right direction as far as reduction of income disparities is concerned.

Practical implications

The results suggest that there should be more provincial autonomy and national cohesion that will result in better understanding of the needs of federating units keeping the regional affiliation aside. Financial autonomy will give more resources, generate confidence and make the federating unit accountable. A decentralized set up will reduce the dependence of provinces on the center, which will allow the center to concentrate more on the national issues. However, the problem is how to materialize this and execute an efficient decentralization process in Pakistan.

Originality/value

This research is based on primary data collected by UNDP to conduct a social audit of local governments in Pakistan. No other research has been conducted in Pakistan to evaluate the performance of local governments using citizen satisfaction.

Details

International Journal of Ethics and Systems, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2010

Feza Tabassum Azmi

Devolution of human resource management to the line managers is an area that has received ample research attention, yet it remains a relatively unexplored area in the…

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1510

Abstract

Purpose

Devolution of human resource management to the line managers is an area that has received ample research attention, yet it remains a relatively unexplored area in the Indian context. Some researchers have examined the nature of devolution in India, but there is still a dearth of studies that establish the devolution‐organizational performance link. Thus, this paper study is carried out to explore the above link in the Indian context.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on primary data obtained through a structured research instrument from senior human resource executives of top ranking companies in India. Scale unidimensionality, reliability, and validity were assessed.

Findings

The structural equation modeling capabilities of LISREL 8.50 are employed to assess the relationship between devolution and organizational performance. It is found that the structural model fits the data well. The model shows that devolution has a significant direct and positive impact on organizational performance.

Research limitations/implications

The research instrument developed for the above study has been tested in the Indian context only. It needs to be tested and cross‐validated on other samples indifferent settings, cultures, and countries to further test its unidimensionality, reliability, and validity.

Practical implications

The paper has implications for both academicians and practitioners because it explores a largely untouched upon area in the Indian context.

Originality/value

The paper is unique in the sense that it develops a reliable and valid instrument for measuring devolution and then explores the devolution‐performance link.

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1996

Fenton G. Sharpe

Addresses the persistent tension that exists between centralized, as opposed to decentralized (devolved), structures of school governance. Examines the claims made in the…

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1286

Abstract

Addresses the persistent tension that exists between centralized, as opposed to decentralized (devolved), structures of school governance. Examines the claims made in the literature for the positive benefits of devolution and conversely for its negative outcomes, and proposes some more realistic expectations. Focuses on the relationship between devolution and improved teaching and learning. Contributes to future research by providing a detailed analysis of the meaning of devolution and proposes a preliminary research paradigm with a special focus on the variables likely to have a direct effect on student learning outcomes. Calls for a co‐ordinated international programme of research into the effects of devolution under the leadership of the Commonwealth Council of Educational Administration

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

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