Modeling credit risk in credit unions using survival analysis

M. Kabir Hassan (University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA)
Jennifer Brodmann (University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA)
Blake Rayfield (University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA)
Makeen Huda (University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA)

International Journal of Bank Marketing

ISSN: 0265-2323

Publication date: 8 May 2018

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate proprietary data from customers of a Southern Louisiana credit union. It analyzes the factors that contribute to an accelerated failure time (AFT) using information from customers’ credit applications as well as information provided in their credit report.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper investigates the factors that affect credit risk using survival analysis by employing two primary models – the AFT model and the Cox proportional hazard (PH) model. While several studies employ the Cox PH model, few use the AFT model. However, this paper concludes that the AFT model has superior predictive qualities.

Findings

This paper finds that the factors specific to borrowers and local factors play an important role in the duration of a loan.

Practical implications

This paper offers an easily interpretable model for determining the duration of a potential borrower. The marketing department of credit unions can then use this information to predict when a customer will default, thus allowing the credit union to intervene in a timely manner to prevent defaults. Further, the credit union can use this information to seek out customers who are less likely to default.

Originality/value

This study is different from the previous research due to its focus on credit unions, which have distinct characteristics. Compared to similar lending institutions, the charter of the credit union does not allow management to sell off loans to other investors.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the editors and the anonymous referee for their enlightening comments and suggestions. The authors are grateful to the discussant and session participants from the Southwest Finance Association and Eastern Finance Association for their insightful feedback. The authors are also thankful to the Louisiana Credit Union for their support and providing the authors the access to the data that the authors have used in the model.

Citation

Hassan, M.K., Brodmann, J., Rayfield, B. and Huda, M. (2018), "Modeling credit risk in credit unions using survival analysis", International Journal of Bank Marketing, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 482-495. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBM-05-2017-0091

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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