Qualitative analysis of coupling effect of fluid velocity distribution in microchannels on the performance of the LED water cooling system

Yuanlong Chen (School of Mechanical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China)
Tingbo Hou (School of Mechanical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China and College of Chemical Science and Engineering, North Minzu University, Yinchuan, China)
Xiaochao Zhou (School of Mechanical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 19 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to ensure adequate thermal management to remove and dissipate the heat produced by a light-emitting diode (LED) and to guarantee reliable and safe operation.

Design/methodology/approach

A three-dimensional (3-D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was used to analyze the distribution of fluid velocities among microchannels at four different aspect ratios.

Findings

The results showed that at the same inlet flow rate, the larger the aspect ratio of the microchannels, the better the uniformity of the internal fluid velocity and thus better the heat dissipation performance on the surface of the high-power LED chip. In addition, the thermal performance of a high-power LED water cooling system with four different aspect ratios’ microchannel structures is further studied experimentally. Specifically, the coupling effect between the fluid velocity distribution in the microchannels and the heat dissipation performance of a high-power LED water cooling system is qualitatively analyzed and compared with the simulation results of the fluid velocity distribution. The results fully demonstrated that a larger aspect ratio of the microchannels results in better heat dissipation performance on the surface of the high-power LED chip.

Originality/value

Optimizing the structural parameters to facilitate a relatively uniform velocity distribution to improve the water cooling system performance may be a key factor to be considered.

Keywords

Citation

Chen, Y., Hou, T. and Zhou, X. (2019), "Qualitative analysis of coupling effect of fluid velocity distribution in microchannels on the performance of the LED water cooling system", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-06-2018-0288

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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