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Effect of adding nanoparticle on squeezing flow and heat transfer improvement using KKL model

M. Sheikholeslami (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran)
D.D. Ganji (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Nanofluid flow which is squeezed between parallel plates is studied using differential transformation method (DTM). The fluid in the enclosure is water containing different types of nanoparticles: Al2O3 and CuO. The effective thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluid are calculated by Koo–Kleinstreuer–Li (KKL) correlation. The comparison between the results from DTM and numerical method are in well agreement which proofs the capability of this method for solving such problems. Effects of the squeeze number and nanofluid volume fraction on flow and heat transfer are examined. Results indicate that Nusselt number augment with increase of the nanoparticle volume fraction. Also, it can be found that heat transfer enhancement of CuO is higher than Al2O3.

Design/methodology/approach

The problem of nanofluid flow which is squeezed between parallel plates is investigated analytically using DTM. The fluid in the enclosure is water containing different types of nanoparticles: Al2O3 and CuO. The effective thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluid are calculated by KKL correlation. In this model, effect of Brownian motion on the effective thermal conductivity is considered. The comparison between the results from DTM and numerical method are in well agreement which proves the capability of this method for solving such problems. The effect of the squeeze number and the nanofluid volume fraction on flow and heat transfer is investigated. The results show that Nusselt number increase with increase of the nanoparticle volume fraction. Also, it can be found that heat transfer enhancement of CuO is higher than Al2O3.

Findings

The effect of the squeeze number and the nanofluid volume fraction on flow and heat transfer is investigated. The results show that Nusselt number increase with increase of the nanoparticle volume fraction. Also, it can be found that heat transfer enhancement of CuO is higher than Al2O3.

Originality/value

This paper is original.

Keywords

Citation

Sheikholeslami, M. and Ganji, D.D. (2017), "Effect of adding nanoparticle on squeezing flow and heat transfer improvement using KKL model", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 27 No. 7, pp. 1535-1553. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-02-2016-0073

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited