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The effect of different types of education on the likelihood of employment in 29 post-communist countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

Nazim Habibov (Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada)
Alena Auchynnikova (Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada)
Rong Luo (Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada)

Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning

ISSN: 2042-3896

Article publication date: 5 June 2019

Issue publication date: 20 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of a variety of levels of education, namely, high school, vocational and university education, on the probability of being employed in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

Design/methodology/approach

The data are from two waves of the Life-in-Transition Survey that covers 29 post-communist transitional countries. The number of binary logistic models is estimated to quantify the effects of different types of education on the likelihood of being employed, while controlling for different sets of covariates.

Findings

The findings reveal that the effect of employment associated with university education is higher than that of vocational education, which in turn is higher than that of high school education. However, the differences between the effects of the various levels of education are not considerable. Any specific level of education is always associated with a higher effect in Eastern Europe as compared to the former Soviet Union. The effect of education is also found to be higher for females than for males. In the former Soviet Union, the positive effect of university and vocational education on employment is found to go down with age.

Originality/value

This is the first study which compares effect of different types of education on probability of being employed on a diverse sample of 29 post-communist countries over the period of five years.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Competing interests: the authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Citation

Habibov, N., Auchynnikova, A. and Luo, R. (2019), "The effect of different types of education on the likelihood of employment in 29 post-communist countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union", Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 723-738. https://doi.org/10.1108/HESWBL-09-2018-0092

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited