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Health literacy and subjective well-being amongst university students: moderating role of gender

Irfana Rashid (University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)
Faseeh Amin (University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)
Aashiq Hussain Lone (University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)
Shahzada Shahid Gulzar (University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)

Health Education

ISSN: 0965-4283

Article publication date: 20 November 2023

Issue publication date: 23 November 2023

186

Abstract

Purpose

The present study has attempted to examine the connection between health literacy (HL) and subjective well-being (SWB) amongst university students in North India. In addition, the present research also sought to establish the role of “gender” and “absence/presence of health professional in the family” as a socio-demographic variable in the relationship between HL and SWB.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a descriptive and quantitative research design. Students were asked to respond to an online questionnaire as part of a survey strategy. Out of 550 respondents who completed the survey, only 511 responses were usable after data cleaning.

Findings

The structural equation modelling regression analysis revealed a positive association between HL and SWB. In addition, the moderating role of gender and the “presence/absence of health professionals in the family” between HL and SWB was also established.

Research limitations/implications

Although a sizable sample of university students responded to this poll, it was a convenience sample. The study cannot be generalised to the general population; thus, future scholars can include other socio-demographic sections. Theoretically, it has tested a research framework concerning multiple dimensions of students' SWB and HL. In addition, the moderating role of gender and the “presence/absence of health professionals in the family” is another unique research contribution of this study.

Practical implications

The results of the current study provided evidence that HL promotion efforts are needed amongst the student population in India to enhance their well-being. The objective of practitioners and relevant stakeholders (parents, government agencies and universities) should be to build capacities concerning HL at both personal and institutional levels. Based on the findings, more educational programmes should be created for the students to promote HL and raise awareness of healthy lifestyles.

Originality/value

The degree to which people can locate, comprehend and use information and services to support health-related decisions and actions for themselves and others is known as “health literacy.” HL is closely associated with SWB, which means how people perceive and assess their lives and particular spheres and activities within them. The current research on the relationship between the two domains is limited. This study looked into the effects of HL on SWB amongst university students in North India.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to thank ICMR for their funding.

Citation

Rashid, I., Amin, F., Lone, A.H. and Gulzar, S.S. (2023), "Health literacy and subjective well-being amongst university students: moderating role of gender", Health Education, Vol. 123 No. 5/6, pp. 121-137. https://doi.org/10.1108/HE-01-2023-0008

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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