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A user‐oriented interface for generalised informetric analysis based on applying advanced data modelling techniques

Kalervo Järvelin (Department of Information Studies, University of Tampere Fin‐33014 Tampere, Finland)
Peter Ingwersen (Royal School of Library and Information Science, Birketinget 6 Dk‐2300, Copenhagen S, Denmark)
Timo Niemi (Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Tampere Fin‐33014 Tampere, Finland)

Journal of Documentation

ISSN: 0022-0418

Article publication date: 1 June 2000

Abstract

This article presents a novel user‐oriented interface for generalised informetric analysis and demonstrates how informetric calculations can easily and declaratively be specified through advanced data modelling techniques. The interface is declarative and at a high level. Therefore it is easy to use, flexible and extensible. It enables end users to perform basic informetric ad hoc calculations easily and often with much less effort than in contemporary online retrieval systems. It also provides several fruitful generalisations of typical informetric measurements like impact factors. These are based on substituting traditional foci of analysis, for instance journals, by other object types, such as authors, organisations or countries. In the interface, bibliographic data are modelled as complex objects (non‐first normal form relations) and terminological and citation networks involving transitive relationships are modelled as binary relations for deductive processing. The interface is flexible, because it makes it easy to switch focus between various object types for informetric calculations, e.g. from authors to institutions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that all informetric data can easily be broken down by criteria that foster advanced analysis, e.g. by years or content‐bearing attributes. Such modelling allows flexible data aggregation along many dimensions. These salient features emerge from the query interface‘s general data restructuring and aggregation capabilities combined with transitive processing capabilities. The features are illustrated by means of sample queries and results in the article.

Keywords

Citation

Järvelin, K., Ingwersen, P. and Niemi, T. (2000), "A user‐oriented interface for generalised informetric analysis based on applying advanced data modelling techniques", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 56 No. 3, pp. 250-278. https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000007115

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2000, MCB UP Limited