Recognising the enormous potential of just‐in‐time (JIT) concepts for boosting productivity and quality, an increasing number of US and European firms consider adopting JIT concepts in manufacturing. However, the transfer of a manufacturing policy from traditional to JIT always requires radical structural changes in a production line design. One typical example of these changes is uniform assembly which does not allow high variability in the production schedules. Consequently, major hindrance to uniform assembly is a random fluctuation of task processing times in assembly line balancing. This article proposes a heuristic which takes into account stochastic task processing times and further develops a work assignment with the lowest expected total cost as well as an assignment with the highest work completion probability crucial for the success of JIT manufacturing.
Shin, D. and Min, H. (1991), "Uniform Assembly Line Balancing with Stochastic Task Times in Just‐in‐time Manufacturing", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 11 No. 8, pp. 23-34. https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000001278
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