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Utilizing the push–pull–mooring framework to explore university teachers' intention to switch from traditional classrooms to smart classrooms in China

Zhangxiang Zhu (College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China)
Zihui Peng (College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China)
Kening Yang (College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China)

Education + Training

ISSN: 0040-0912

Article publication date: 25 April 2023

Issue publication date: 10 May 2023

498

Abstract

Purpose

This study explores the factors that promote university teachers' switching intention from a traditional classroom to a smart classroom based on the push–pull–mooring (PPM) framework to enrich the theoretical research on the smart classroom and provide a reference for smart classroom promotion.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed conceptual framework was developed from a comprehensive review of the related literature. This study tested and validated the proposed framework using a partial least square structural equation model based on 269 valid questionnaires.

Findings

(1) Perceived inefficiency, inquiry-based learning, future expectation and technical self-efficacy had significant effects on switching intention, while low participation, perceived usefulness and habit had no significant effects on university teachers’ switching intention in the smart classroom. (2) In the process of decision-making, the course category significantly moderates the impact of perceived inefficiency and technical self-efficacy on switching intention, while the user experience of smart classrooms significantly moderates the impact of perceived inefficiency on switching intention.

Originality/value

This study explains university teachers' switching intention from a traditional classroom to the smart classroom, which enriches the application area of the PPM framework.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This work was supported by the Teaching Reform Research Project of Hunan Normal University “Reform and Innovation of Cultivation Mode for Undergraduates Majoring in Tourism under the Background of the Integration of ‘Cultural Tourism + Technology'” and the Degree and Postgraduate Teaching Reform Research Project of Hunan Normal University [Grant No. 21JG04].

Citation

Zhu, Z., Peng, Z. and Yang, K. (2023), "Utilizing the push–pull–mooring framework to explore university teachers' intention to switch from traditional classrooms to smart classrooms in China", Education + Training, Vol. 65 No. 3, pp. 470-491. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-12-2021-0461

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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