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Exploring the mediating effects between transformational leadership and organizational performance

Lorena Para-González (Department of Economics and Juridical Sciences, University Centre of Defence at the Spanish Air Force Academy, Murcia, Spain)
Daniel Jiménez-Jiménez (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain)
Angel Rafael Martínez-Lorente (Department of Business Economics, Technical University of Cartagena, Murcia, Spain)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 12 February 2018




The purpose of this paper is to study the possible mediating mechanisms (human resource management (HRM), learning and innovation) that could exist in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational performance. This topic has been studied only by a few groups of researchers and these researchers have not analyzed all these concepts jointly.


This research explores the relationships using partial least squares with data from 200 Spanish industrial companies. Analyzing the mentioned relationships in the Spanish context has been done by few researchers before.


The study reveals that the adoption of transformational leadership styles improves performance when specific systems of HRM practices, learning and innovation are developed in an organization.


This study, therefore, contributes to the understanding of the link between transformational leaders and performance by proposing a model in which it is evinced that this leadership style produces synergies between HRM, learning and innovation, which in the end, affect performance.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding received from the Spanish Ministry for Economy and Competitiveness (Research Project No. ECO2012-37893) and Fundación CajaMurcia-BMN.


Para-González, L., Jiménez-Jiménez, D. and Martínez-Lorente, A.R. (2018), "Exploring the mediating effects between transformational leadership and organizational performance", Employee Relations, Vol. 40 No. 2, pp. 412-432.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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