The purpose of this paper is to analyze the concept of employability. It reviews and systematizes the two main current perspectives about employability, the individual and the critical. The individual perspective is dominant and currently determines the term; its basic premise is that an individual is responsible for his/her socio-professional career. By contrast, the critical perspective deconstructs the former concept and analyzes its role in maintaining the status quo.
Through a review of literature about employability this paper analyses the different conceptions and the consequences of the assumption of each perspective nowadays.
This paper provides an analytical framework of all the key elements involved in the notion of employability based upon the bioecological model (Bronfenbrenner and Morris, 2006). This model offers a vision that encompasses the different explanatory elements of the employability concept.
The ultimate goal of this paper is to rekindle the debate on employability and to do so, it is necessary to explore the origins of the concept, the contexts it affects, who it benefits and, conversely, who it jeopardizes.
This paper stems from the research project ”Educational, accompanying, qualification and developmental processes in work integration companies: innovating social inclusion through employment” (Procesos de formación, acompañamiento, cualificación y desarrollo personal en empresas de inserción: innovación en la inclusión social desde el empleo). Code: EDU2013-45919-R. Funded by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad.
Llinares Insa, L.I., Zacarés González, J.J. and Córdoba Iñesta, A.I. (2016), "Discussing employability: current perspectives and key elements from a bioecological model", Employee Relations, Vol. 38 No. 6, pp. 961-974. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-07-2015-0145Download as .RIS
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited