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Can e-learning improve job security? Evidence from 28 European countries

Juan-Francisco Martínez-Cerdá (Psychology and Educational Sciences Studies, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain)
Joan Torrent-Sellens (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain)
Inés González-González (Department of Business Management, Universidad Publica de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to prove that e-learning, in union with another variable, builds a statistically significant relationship for estimating improvements in employment security, i.e., transition to employment of the same or higher job security as the previous year.

Design/methodology/approach

Using data from Eurostat 2007-2013 in 28 European countries, and after carrying out analysis of 261 regression models between the e-learning variable, along with another variable related to working conditions, education, or e-skills levels of citizens.

Findings

This study provides evidence about: there is a statistically significant relationship (p-value<0.05) between employment security (dependent variable), e-learning and another variable (independent variables) in 60.7 percent of 28 European countries analyzed (p-value<0.05 for at least one of these two independent variables); and there is a statistically significant relationship (p-value<0.05) in 75 percent of 28 countries (p-value<0.1 for at least one of these two independent variables). Consequently, a set with the minimum number of useful indicators for calculating the employment security is proposed: e-learning, labor transition, tertiary education, temporary employees, e-job search and e-skills.

Practical implications

Moreover, several similarities between studied countries are found, helping to formulate various recommendations based on complementarities between being an employee and using lifelong e-learning systems as a way for improving employment security.

Originality/value

This is one of the first studies to provide evidence of the relationship between e-learning and job security in Europe, in view of this, it should be considered as a key element and essential to any European policy related to work.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Juan-Francisco Martínez-Cerdá would like to acknowledge the support of a doctoral grant from the UOC. The authors would like to thank Greig Krull for his help in the English revision of the manuscript.

Citation

Martínez-Cerdá, J.-F., Torrent-Sellens, J. and González-González, I. (2017), "Can e-learning improve job security? Evidence from 28 European countries", Employee Relations, Vol. 39 No. 5, pp. 699-717. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-06-2016-0117

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited