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The meaning of work dimensions according to organizational status: does gender matter?

Moshe Sharabi (Yezreel Valley Academic College, Emek Yezreel, Israel) (The Center for the Study of Organizations and Human Resources Department, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 7 August 2017



Over the course of time, more and more women have been joining the labor force, achieving meaningful roles and managerial positions. The purpose of this paper is to examine contemporary meaning of work (MOW) among men and women in different organizational statuses and the impact of other demographic factors on the MOW dimensions.


Out of 1,201 participants that filled out the MOW questioner, 908 were employed in organizations as middle managers (118 men and 67 women) or junior managers (120 men and 97 women) and workers (208 men and 298 women).


No differences were found between men and women middle managers regarding MOW dimensions. It was found that the higher the organizational status, the higher the work centrality and intrinsic orientation and the lower the economic orientation, among both men and women. Regression analysis reveals that demographic variables have a low impact on the MOW dimensions and hardly explain the differences among men and women.

Practical implications

The understanding of contemporary MOW similarities and differences among men and women according to organizational status and the impact of varied demographic variables on those differences can influence the way organizations consider men’s and women’s (both managers and workers) needs in their working life, with implications for their satisfaction and productivity.


While there are various studies about gender differences regarding work values and the MOW, not a single study focusing on the differences in the MOW between managers and workers according to gender was found.



Sharabi, M. (2017), "The meaning of work dimensions according to organizational status: does gender matter?", Employee Relations, Vol. 39 No. 5, pp. 643-659.



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