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Economics of human resources development under globalization era: a study of BRICS countries

Samir Ul Hassan (Department of Economics, University of Science and Technology, Meghalaya, India)
Motika Sinha Rymbai (Department of Economics, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India)
Aasif Ali Bhat (Department of Economics, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, India)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 16 July 2019

Issue publication date: 10 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to explore the extent to which human resources development quantifies the economic growth of BRICS countries under the globalization era by controlling country differences.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) and Scheffe pairwise comparison tests to quantify the impact of the variables and the level of difference among the BRICS countries onto human Resources development.

Findings

The study observes that the impact of human resources development on economic growth of BRICS counties is significant but limited to few countries. The study reveals that countries such as India and South Africa are unable to utilize their human resources efficiently to promote economic growth, as compared with Russia, China and Brazil. The study further argues that there is urgent need of amalgam of various economic development theories keeping in mind the regional needs to extract the positive impact from human resource on economic development.

Research limitations/implications

The single limitation of this research is that it was not possible to compare the results with other developing countries to unleash the capabilities of human resources development with regard to economic growth at the universal level.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is the first of its kind to analyze human resources development at a much deeper level. The paper has chosen variables which are important from the policy perspective of government rather than the working perspective, which is a great contribution. Further, for human index the variables chose covering major aspects of human development from spending perspective.

Keywords

Citation

Hassan, S.U., Rymbai, M.S. and Bhat, A.A. (2019), "Economics of human resources development under globalization era: a study of BRICS countries", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 43 No. 7/8, pp. 682-698. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-10-2018-0101

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited