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Examination of the influence of transfer opportunity, assimilation of training content and motivation to transfer in the training transfer process

Raphael Papa Kweku Andoh (Department of Human Resource Management and Institute for Oil and Gas Studies, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Cape Coast, Ghana)
Elizabeth Cornelia Annan-Prah (Department of Human Resource Management, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Cape Coast, Ghana)
Georgina Nyantakyiwaa Boampong (Institute for Oil and Gas Studies, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Cape Coast, Ghana)
Josephine Jehu-Appiah (Teaching and Examinations Section, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Cape Coast, Ghana)
Araba Mbrowa Korsah (Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Environment and Sustainable Development, Somanya, Ghana)
Emmanuel Afreh Owusu (Training and Development Section, Directorate of Human Resource, University of Cape Coast (UCC), Cape Coast, Ghana)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 7 March 2023

Issue publication date: 21 March 2024

392

Abstract

Purpose

Research has established that 38%, 56% and 66% of training is not transferred to work immediately, six months and 12 months after training, respectively. This has led scholars to advocate the continuous examination of factors that enhance training transfer to have a comprehensive understanding of the factors that enhance it. As a result, this study aims to examine transfer opportunity as a pretraining factor and its influence on assimilated training content (in-training factor); the influence of assimilated training content on motivation to transfer (post-training factor) and training transfer; the influence of motivation to transfer on training transfer; and the mediating role of motivation to transfer in the relationship between assimilated training content and training transfer.

Design/methodology/approach

A structural equation model is developed to test the five hypotheses formulated in this study using survey data obtained from 195 respondents who attended various training programs across different organizations. Following the assessment of the measurement model, the determination of the significance of the hypothesized paths is assessed based on the bias-corrected and accelerated confidence intervals obtained from the bootstrapping of 10,000 subsamples.

Findings

The findings of this study are that: transfer opportunity positively influences assimilated training content; assimilated training content positively influences motivation to transfer and training transfer; motivation to transfer positively influences training transfer; and motivation to transfer plays a complementary mediation role between assimilated training content and training transfer.

Practical implications

The nature of the work environment regarding the opportunity to transfer training influences trainees’ assimilation of the training content when they undergo training. Hence, organizations need to ensure that employees are always afforded the opportunity to transfer training content assimilated from previously attended training programs to assimilate the content of subsequent training programs. Furthermore, for training to culminate in training transfer, organizations and, more specifically, learning and development practitioners ought to pay attention to trainees’ assimilation of the content of training programs.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to empirically consider transfer opportunity as a direct antecedent of assimilated training content. More so, it is one of few studies to empirically examine the influence of assimilated training content on training transfer.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the respondents and the editorial team including the reviewers.

Citation

Andoh, R.P.K., Annan-Prah, E.C., Boampong, G.N., Jehu-Appiah, J., Korsah, A.M. and Owusu, E.A. (2024), "Examination of the influence of transfer opportunity, assimilation of training content and motivation to transfer in the training transfer process", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 48 No. 3/4, pp. 281-297. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-09-2022-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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