To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

The virtual human resource development (VHRD) approach: an integrative literature review

Somaye Rahimi (Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran and Department of IT Management, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden)
Abasalt Khorasani (Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran)
Morteza Rezaeizadeh (School of Education Enterprise Research Centre, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland)
John Waterworth (Department of Informatics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 4 August 2021

Issue publication date: 26 May 2022

576

Abstract

Purpose

Given the growing popularity of virtual human resources development (VHRD) in organizations and among human resource development (HRD) professionals, it is highly essential to deeply examine the nature and scope of the affective dimensions of the VHRD approach. Over the past decade, VHRD has become an important part of the HRD process.

Design/methodology/approach

The present study used an integrative literature review to investigate the nature of VHRD in the literature, present a descriptive analysis of the literature and categorize the existing VHRD research.

Findings

The results indicated three major themes, namely, VHRD and socialization, VHRD and learning and VHRD and the psychological characteristics of the work environment. In addition, a new conceptual model was developed based on the findings.

Research limitations/implications

This study has reviewed the main concepts of VHRD. The potential actions which HRD researchers can take to address the identified challenges are discussed.

Originality/value

This integrative literature review could provide a roadmap for future research. Based on this model, the VHRD position is within the organizational context and different tools and processes in constant interaction are introduced. Finally, a general view of the VHRD approach was provided, which can help human resources experts deal with a wide range of technologies in the organization.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was based upon PhD thesis supported by the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF) No. 96016389.

Citation

Rahimi, S., Khorasani, A., Rezaeizadeh, M. and Waterworth, J. (2022), "The virtual human resource development (VHRD) approach: an integrative literature review", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 46 No. 5/6, pp. 484-503. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-08-2020-0131

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles