To read this content please select one of the options below:

Examining strategic antecedents of the appointment of women to top management teams

Robert L. Bonner (San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, USA)
Steven J. Hyde (College of Business and Economics, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, USA)
Kristen Faile (Belmont University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA)

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion

ISSN: 2040-7149

Article publication date: 4 October 2022

Issue publication date: 21 March 2023




The purpose of this study is to examine the organizational and environmental antecedents to the appointment of a woman to a non-CEO top management team (TMT) position.


This study uses a conditional fixed effects logistic regression model to analyze non-CEO TMT appointment data collected from the S&P 500 between 2008 and 2016.


Women were more likely to be appointed to non-CEO TMT positions when a firm was undergoing strategic change, had slack resources, and was in a less munificent environment.


This article contributes to the literature concerning the antecedents of the selection of women to executive leadership (e.g. the glass cliff) roles by examining organizational and environmental contexts at the non-CEO TMT unit of analysis.



Bonner, R.L., Hyde, S.J. and Faile, K. (2023), "Examining strategic antecedents of the appointment of women to top management teams", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, Vol. 42 No. 2, pp. 266-284.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles