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Worker outcomes of LGBT-supportive policies: a cross-level model

Shaun Pichler (Department of Management, California State University – Fullerton, Fullerton, California, USA)
Enrica Ruggs (Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA)
Raymond Trau (School of Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion

ISSN: 2040-7149

Article publication date: 13 February 2017




The purpose of this paper is to develop a cross-level conceptual model of organizational- and individual-level outcomes of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)-supportive policies for all workers regardless of their sexual orientation.


This is a conceptual paper based on an integration of propositions from perceived organizational support and organizational justice theories.


The model suggests that LGBT-supportive policies should be related to perceptions of organizational support directly and indirectly through diversity climate and perceptions of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice.

Practical implications

The model implies that employees should feel more supported and more fairly treated among firms with LGBT-supportive policies and practices, and that these feelings will be reciprocated.


This is the first paper to develop propositions about the outcomes of LGBT-supportive policies for all workers, and advances the literature by developing a multi-level model of outcomes of these policies.



Pichler, S., Ruggs, E. and Trau, R. (2017), "Worker outcomes of LGBT-supportive policies: a cross-level model", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 17-32.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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