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Conceptualization and measurement of owner BIM capabilities: from a project owner organization perspective

Pengcheng Pan (Department of Civil Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China) (Key Laboratory of Green Construction and Intelligent Maintenance for Civil Engineering of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China)
Yu Wang (Department of Civil Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China)
Yumiao Yang (Department of Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China)
Sujuan Zhang (Department of Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China) (Fujian Key Laboratory of Digital Simulations for Coastal Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China) (Xiamen Key Laboratory of Integrated Application of Intelligent Technology for Architectural Heritage Protection, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 19 March 2024

95

Abstract

Purpose

Building Information Modeling (BIM) capabilities have been studied at the individual, project, organizational, and even industry levels to ensure the realization of BIM value in the architectural, engineering, construction, and operation industry. However, limited research has focused on a project owner organization perspective to investigate owner BIM capabilities that are required to ensure effective project management and delivery. This present study aims to propose an indicator framework to evaluate owner BIM capabilities at the organizational level.

Design/methodology/approach

Leveraging the existing literature on BIM capabilities and synthesizing insights from the resource-based view and information technology capabilities research, this study conceptualizes the BIM capabilities of project owner organizations and offers a framework of indicators for measurement. Semi-structured interviews with BIM experts and a questionnaire survey were conducted to identify key indicators affecting owner BIM capabilities. A six-dimensional structural equation model with 29 indicators was then established.

Findings

The findings highlight the multidimensionality of owner BIM capabilities and show that process capabilities play a crucial role in enhancing owner BIM capabilities, while technical capabilities are considered as the least important aspect.

Research limitations/implications

The study sheds light on the key role of project owner organizations in ensuring BIM value and suggests that project owners focus more on the organizational processes of introducing BIM in managing projects.

Originality/value

This study reconceptualizes owner BIM capabilities drawing on the idea of resource-based view and information technology capabilities and highlights the important dimensions and indicators of owner BIM capabilities at the organizational level.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant no 72101220], the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China [grant no 2022J05001] and the Construction Science and Technology Project of the Xiamen Municipal Construction Bureau [grant no XJK2022-1-5].

Citation

Pan, P., Wang, Y., Yang, Y. and Zhang, S. (2024), "Conceptualization and measurement of owner BIM capabilities: from a project owner organization perspective", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-09-2023-0934

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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