To read this content please select one of the options below:

Automated 4D BIM development: the resource specification and optimization approach

Abdulwahed Fazeli (Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Saeed Banihashemi (School of Design and Built Environment, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia)
Aso Hajirasouli (Department of Built Environment, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia)
Saeed Reza Mohandes (Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 20 December 2022

Issue publication date: 9 May 2024




This research aims to develop an automated and optimization algorithms (OAs)-integrated 4D building information modeling (BIM) approach and a prototype and enable construction managers and practitioners to estimate the time of compound elements in building projects using the resource specification technique.


A 4D BIM estimation process was first developed by applying the resource specification and geometric information from the BIM model. A suite of OA including particle swarm optimization, ant colony, differential evolution and genetic algorithm were developed and compared in order to facilitate and automate the estimation process. The developed processes and porotypes were linked and integrated.


The OA-based automated 4D BIM estimation prototype was developed and validated through a real-life construction project. Different OAs were applied and compared, and the genetic algorithm was found as the best performing one. The prototype was successfully linked with BIM timeliner application. By using this approach, the start and finish dates of all object-based activities are developed, and the project completion time is automatically estimated.


Unlike conventional construction estimation methods which need various tools and are error prone and time-consuming, the developed method bypasses the existing time estimation tools and provides the integrated and automated process with BIM and machine learning algorithms. Furthermore, this approach integrates 4D BIM applications into construction design procedures, connected with OA automation.



Fazeli, A., Banihashemi, S., Hajirasouli, A. and Mohandes, S.R. (2024), "Automated 4D BIM development: the resource specification and optimization approach", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 1896-1922.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles