This study aims to design a femoral component with minimum volume and maximum safety coefficient. Total knee prosthesis is a well-established therapy in arthroplasty applications. And in particular, with respect to damaged or weakened cartilage, new prostheses are being manufactured from bio-materials which are compatible with the human body to replace these damages. A new universal method (design method requiring optimum volume and safety [DMROVAS]) was propounded to find the optimum design parameters of tibial component.
The design montage was analyzed via the finite element method (FEM). To ensure the stability of the prosthesis, the maximum stress angle and magnitude of the force on the knee were taken into consideration. In the analysis process, results revealed two different maximum stress areas which were supported by case reports in the literature. Variations of maximum stress, safety factor and weight were revealed by FEM analysis, and ANOVA was used to determine the F force percentage for each of the design parameters.
Optimal design parameter levels were chosen for the individual’s minimum weight. Stress maps were constructed to optimize design choices that enabled further enhancement of the design models. The safety factor variation (SFV) of 5.73 was obtained for the volume of 39,219 mL for a region which had maximum stress. At the same time, for a maximum SFV and at the same time an average weight, values of 37,308 mL and 5.8 for volume and SFV were attained, respectively, using statistical methods.
This proposed optimal design development method is new and one that can be used for many biomechanical products and universal industrial designs.
The authors would like to thank the Düzce University Scientific Research Unit (DÜ-BAP) for their support of the project titled “Optimization of Design Geometry in Arthroplasty BioEngineering Materials, Fracture Analysis, Investigation of Mechanical and Microstructural Properties.”
Compliance with ethical standards
Funding: The research on the optimization of total knee prosthesis assembly parts has been financed by Duzce University Scientific Research Department with the project number 2018.06.05.728.
Ethical approval: This article does not contain studies with animals performed by any of the authors. This article does not contain studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Conflict of interest: Author Öztürk and Erzincanli were supported by a scientific research project by Düzce University.
Öztürk, B. and Erzincanli, F. (2020), "Development of femoral component design geometry by using DMROVAS (design method requiring optimum volume and safety)", Engineering Computations, Vol. 37 No. 2, pp. 682-704. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-03-2019-0077
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