This study aims to provide a reliable and effective algorithm that is suitable for addressing the problems of continuous orders of frequencies and modes under different boundary conditions, circumferential wave numbers and thickness-to-length ratios of moderately thick circular cylindrical shells. The theory of free vibration of rotating cylindrical shells is of utmost importance in fields such as structural engineering, rock engineering and aerospace engineering. The finite element method is commonly used to study the theory of free vibration of rotating cylindrical shells. The proposed adaptive finite element method can achieve a considerably more reliable high-precision solution than the conventional finite element method.
On a given finite element mesh, the solutions of the frequency mode of the moderately thick circular cylindrical shell were obtained using the conventional finite element method. Subsequently, the superconvergent patch recovery displacement method and high-order shape function interpolation techniques were introduced to obtain the superconvergent solution of the mode (displacement), while the superconvergent solution of the frequency was obtained using the Rayleigh quotient computation. Finally, the superconvergent solution of the mode was used to estimate the errors of the finite element solutions in the energy norm, and the mesh was subdivided to generate a new mesh in accordance with the errors.
In this study, a high-precision and reliable superconvergent patch recovery solution for the vibration modes of variable geometrical rotating cylindrical shells was developed. Compared with conventional finite element method, under the challenging varying geometrical circumferential wave numbers, and thickness–length ratios, the optimised finite element meshes and high-precision solutions satisfying the preset error limits were obtained successfully to solve the frequency and mode of continuous orders of rotating cylindrical shells with multiple boundary conditions such as simple and fixed supports, demonstrating good solution efficiency. The existing problem on the difficulty of adapting a set of meshes to the changes in vibration modes of different orders is finally overcome by applying the adaptive optimisation.
The approach developed in this study can accurately obtain the superconvergent patch recovery solution of the vibration mode of rotating cylindrical shells. It can potentially be extended to fine numerical models and high-precision computations of vibration modes (displacement field) and solid stress (displacement derivative field) for general structural special value problems, which can be extensively applied in the field of engineering computations in the future. Furthermore, the proposed method has the potential for adaptive analyses of shell structures and three-dimensional structures with crack damage. Compared with conventional finite element methods, significant advantages can be achieved by solving the eigenvalues of structures with high precision and stability.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grants 41877275 and 51608301), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (grant L212016), Yue Qi Young Scholar Project Foundation of China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing (grant 2019QN14), Teaching Reform and Research Projects of Undergraduate Education of China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing (grant J210613) and the Open Fund of Tianjin Key Lab of Soft Soil Characteristics and Engineering Environment (grant 2017SCEEKL003).
Wang, Y. (2023), "Mesh refinement of finite element method for free vibration analysis of variable geometrical rotating cylindrical shells", Engineering Computations, Vol. 40 No. 1, pp. 210-228. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-02-2022-0082
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