In this paper, a superconvergent patch recovery method is proposed for superconvergent solutions of modes in the finite element post-processing stage of variable geometrical Timoshenko beams. The proposed superconvergent patch recovery method improves the solution speed and accuracy of the finite element analysis of a curved beam. The free vibration and natural frequency of the beam were considered for studying forced vibrations and structural resonance. Beam vibration mode analysis was performed for high-precision vibration mode solutions and frequency values. The proposed method can be used to compute beam vibration modes of beams with different shapes and boundary conditions as well as variable cross sections and curvatures. The purpose of this paper is to address these issues.
An adaptive method was proposed to analyse the in-plane and out-of-plane free vibrations of the variable geometrical Timoshenko beams. In the post-processing stage of the displacement-based finite element method, the superconvergent patch recovery method and high-order shape function interpolation technique were used to obtain the superconvergent solution of mode (displacement). The superconvergent solution of mode was used to estimate the error of the finite element solution of mode in the energy form under the current mesh. Furthermore, an adaptive mesh refinement was proposed by mesh subdivision to derive an optimised mesh and accurate finite element solution to meet the preset error tolerance.
The results computed using the proposed algorithm were in good agreement with those computed using other high-precision algorithms, thus validating the accuracy of the proposed algorithm for beam analysis. The numerical analysis of parabolic curved beams, beams with variable cross sections and curvatures, elliptically curved beams and circularly curved beams helped verify that the solutions of frequencies were consistent with the results obtained using other specially developed methods. The proposed method is well suited for the mesh refinement analysis of a curved beam structure for analysing the changes in high-order vibration mode. The parts where the vibration mode changed significantly were locally densified; a relatively fine mesh division was adopted that validated the reliability of the mesh optimisation processing of the proposed algorithm.
The proposed algorithm can obtain high-precision vibration solutions of variable geometrical Timoshenko beams based on more optimized and reasonable meshes than the conventional finite element method. Furthermore, it can be used for vibration problems of parabolic curved beams, beams with variable cross sections and curvatures, elliptically curved beams and circularly curved beams. The proposed algorithm can be extended for application in superconvergent computation and adaptive analysis of finite element solutions of general structures and solid deformation fields and used for adaptive analysis of more complex plates, shells and three-dimensional structures. Additionally, this method can analyse the vibration and stability of curved members with crack damage to obtain high-precision vibration modes and instability modes under damage defects.
The author gratefully acknowledges financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41877275 and 51608301), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant L212016), Yue Qi Young Scholar Project Foundation of China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing (Grant 2019QN14), Teaching Reform and Research Projects of Undergraduate Education of China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing (Grant J210613) and the Open Fund of Tianjin Key Lab of Soft Soil Characteristics and Engineering Environment (Grant 2017SCEEKL003).
Wang, Y. (2022), "Finite element mesh refinement for in-plane and out-of-plane vibration of variable geometrical Timoshenko beams based on superconvergent vibration modes", Engineering Computations, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-01-2022-0015
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