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Blockchain in general management and economics: a systematic literature review

Rami Alkhudary (LARGEPA, Paris II Panthéon-Assas University, Paris, France)
Xavier Brusset (SKEMA Business School, Université Côte d’Azur, Lille, France)
Pierre Fenies (LARGEPA, Paris II Panthéon-Assas University, Paris, France)

European Business Review

ISSN: 0955-534X

Article publication date: 7 July 2020

Issue publication date: 10 August 2020

1818

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the literature addressing blockchain technology (BT) in general management and economics (GME).

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review methodology is used to collect and analyze the literature.

Findings

Three clusters of research are identified, namely, law, economy and innovation. The use of BT in law areas fosters the registration of intellectual property (IP) rights, although conflict between some of BT applications and regulatory frameworks is present. Research on cryptocurrencies is of high interest to the economy today. In the innovation cluster, BT improves security, traceability and transparency in operations over supply chains. However, BT has many technical imperfections that hinder its wide adoption. Furthermore, the need for the full commitment of all business actors complicates its implementation. Research on BT is still at a nascent stage. Conceptual papers dominate the literature (18 theories are discussed). Eight main future research directions are described. For example, the relationship between the use of BT in supply chains and competitive advantage is not established; and quality standards for BT platforms are not developed.

Research limitations/implications

The review is restricted to academic journals in the fields of GME, which limits the extent of the conclusions.

Originality/value

The paper synthesizes 47 studies published in academic journals, avoiding misleading claims and inaccurate information insofar as possible; and provides a spectrum of descriptive statistics and qualitative meta-synthesis analysis of the current literature.

Keywords

Citation

Alkhudary, R., Brusset, X. and Fenies, P. (2020), "Blockchain in general management and economics: a systematic literature review", European Business Review, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 765-783. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-11-2019-0297

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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