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Measuring the use of human resources practices and employee attitudes: The Linked Personnel Panel

Patrick Kampkötter (Department of Management, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany)
Jens Mohrenweiser (Faculty of Management, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)
Dirk Sliwka (Department of Management, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany)
Susanne Steffes (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), Mannheim, Germany)
Stefanie Wolter (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany)

Evidence-based HRM

ISSN: 2049-3983

Article publication date: 1 August 2016




The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new data source available for researchers with interest in human resources management (HRM) and personnel economics, the Linked Personnel Panel (LPP).


The LPP is a longitudinal and representative employer-employee data set covering establishments in Germany and a subset of their workforce and is designed for quantitative empirical human resource research.


The LPP employee survey applies a number of established scales to measure job characteristics and job perceptions, personal characteristics, employee attitudes towards the organization and employee behaviour. This paper gives an overview of both the employer and employee survey and outlines the definitions, origins, and statistical properties of the scales used in the individual questionnaire.

Practical implications

The paper describes how researchers can access the data.


First, the data set combines employer and employee surveys that can be matched to each other. Second, it can also be linked to a number of additional administrative data sets. Third, the LPP covers a wide range of firms and workers from different backgrounds. Finally, because of its longitudinal dimension, the LPP should facilitate the study of causal effects of HRM practices.



Kampkötter, P., Mohrenweiser, J., Sliwka, D., Steffes, S. and Wolter, S. (2016), "Measuring the use of human resources practices and employee attitudes: The Linked Personnel Panel", Evidence-based HRM, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 94-115.



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Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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