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Brushless direct current motor with MV-PID controller management system based on arm microcontroller

Prathibanandhi Kanagaraj (Saveetha University, Chennai, India)
Ramesh Ramadoss (Anna University Chennai, Chennai, India)
Yaashuwanth Calpakkam (SVCE, Sriperumbudur, India)
Adam Raja Basha (Audisankara College of Engineering and Technology, Gudur, India)

Circuit World

ISSN: 0305-6120

Article publication date: 8 June 2021

Abstract

Purpose

The brushless direct current motor (BLDCM) is widely accepted and adopted by many industries instead of direct current motors due to high reliability during operation. Brushless direct current (BLDC) has outstanding efficiency as losses that arise out of voltage drops at brushes and friction losses are eliminated. The main factor that affects the performance is temperature introduced in the internal copper core windings. The control of motor speed generates high temperature in BLDC operation. The high temperature is due to presence of ripples in the operational current. The purpose is to present an effective controlling mechanism for speed management and to improve the performance of BLDCM to activate effective management of speed.

Design/methodology/approach

The purpose is to present an optimal algorithm based on modified moth-flame optimization algorithm over recurrent neural network (MMFO-RNN) for speed management to improve the performance. The core objective of the presented work is to achieve improvement in performance without affecting the design of the system with no additional circuitry. The management of speed in BLDCM has been achieved through reduction or minimization of ripples encircled with torque of the motor. The implementation ends in two stages, namely, controlling the loop of torque and controlling the loop of speed. The MMFO-RNN starts with error optimization, which arises from both the loops, and most effective values have been achieved through MMFO-RNN protocol.

Findings

The parameters are enriched with Multi Resolution Proportional Integral and Derivative (MRPID) controller operation to achieve minimal ripples for the torque of BLDC and manage the speed of the motor. The performance is increased by adopting this technique approximately 12% in comparison with the existing methodology, which is the main contributions of the presented work. The outcomes are analyzed with the existing methodologies through MATLAB Simulink tool, and the comparative analyses suggest that better performance of the proposed system produces over existing techniques, and proto type model is developed and cross verifies the proposed system.

Originality/value

The MMFO-RNN starts with error optimization, which arises from both the loops, and most effective values have been achieved through MMFO-RNN protocol. The parameters are enriched with MRPID controller operation to achieve nil or minimal ripples and to encircle the torque of Brushless Direct Current and manage the speed.

Keywords

Citation

Kanagaraj, P., Ramadoss, R., Calpakkam, Y. and Basha, A.R. (2021), "Brushless direct current motor with MV-PID controller management system based on arm microcontroller", Circuit World, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/CW-08-2020-0201

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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