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Dynamics of export competitiveness of India and China: a study of HS 6-digit manufacturing exports

Sayed Gulzar Ganai (Department of Economics, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, India)
Javid Ahmad Khan (Department of Economics, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, India)
Showkat Ahmad Bhat (Department of Economics, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, India)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 5 May 2022

Issue publication date: 3 August 2023

289

Abstract

Purpose

The export competitiveness has only calculated on only two aspects either comparatively advantageous or comparatively disadvantageous products for India or China. There is not any thorough study that has been undertaken for Indian manufacturing sector at a segregated level along with that of China. So, in the light of these shortcomings, the purpose of this study is to analyse the dynamics of export competitiveness of indian manufacturing sector vis-à-vis its emerging counterpart, china in the global market.

Design/methodology/approach

A modified revealed comparative advantage index has been used in two different phases of 2001–08 and 2010–18 to find the dynamic pattern of manufacturing exports of India and China in the world market.

Findings

The study revealed that India has shown a positive response in increasing its competitive positioned products from low-technology to medium-technology products during the study period. There has been a decline in the competitive positioned products of China and simultaneously China’s threatened product lines have shown an immense increment over the years. Moreover, Indian exports are concentrated to few low-technology and resource-intensive products, that share more than 50% of total exported value for its manufacturing in the global market, whereas, China is much diversified and the exported value is more scattered over its manufactured items.

Research limitations/implications

The study does not include the factors that impacted the export competitiveness of the sample economies and thus adds a limitation to this study.

Originality/value

As there is very limited research on dynamics of export competitiveness of Indian manufacturing exports at harmonised system 6-digit level with China, this study fulfils the gap.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

A million thanks to the anonymous reviewers and the Editor-in-Chief for their constructive and valuable comments on the earliest draft of this study. The authors also pay a heartfelt gratitude to Prof. Vishal Sarin, Lovely Professional University, India and Prof. A. S. Bhat, Islamic University of Science and Technology for their invaluable support and guidance.

Citation

Ganai, S.G., Khan, J.A. and Bhat, S.A. (2023), "Dynamics of export competitiveness of India and China: a study of HS 6-digit manufacturing exports", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 33 No. 5, pp. 889-938. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-10-2021-0139

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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