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Management practices and small firms’ productivity in emerging countries

Juan Carlos Salazar-Elena (Department of Development Economics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
José Guimón (Department of Development Economics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 15 July 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore the potential for increasing the productivity of small firms from emerging countries by enhancing their management practices.

Design/methodology/approach

The link between four types of management practices and labor productivity at the firm level is tested through a sample of 13,566 small firms from 15 emerging countries. Subsequently, the policy options available to upgrade management practices in such firms are analyzed through a systematic review of recent experiences in 12 emerging countries.

Findings

The econometric results confirm that the adoption of good management practices has a significant effect on labor productivity, especially when several management practices are combined. This effect is context-dependent, with a higher intensity in lower-middle income countries and in manufacturing firms. The paper also outlines the different components of successful policy programs to support the adoption of good management practices.

Research limitations/implications

On the one hand, the challenge of isolating the causal relationship between management practices and firm productivity affects the econometric part of this study. On the other hand, the analysis of policy experiences is purely explorative and does not attempt to evaluate impacts but rather to offer a general overview of policy options.

Practical implications

The paper provides practical guidance for policymakers from emerging countries in their efforts to support the adoption of good management practices by small firms.

Social implications

Improving management practices of small firms can contribute to a more inclusive development agenda by narrowing wage differentials between leading and laggard firms, while transforming informal businesses into formal ones.

Originality/value

The multi-method approach used in this study provides rich insights into the relationship between management practices and productivity of small firms in emerging countries.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Parts of this research were developed by the authors while working for the OECD project “Increasing productivity in traditional small enterprises: evidence and policy experiences” (2016). Thanks are due to Marco Marchese and Jonathan Potter from the OECD for initial guidance and comments to an earlier draft of this paper.

Citation

Salazar-Elena, J.C. and Guimón, J. (2019), "Management practices and small firms’ productivity in emerging countries", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 356-374. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-01-2019-0004

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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