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An improved unscented Kalman filter based dynamic state estimation algorithm for electric distribution Systems

Fiaz Ahmad (Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci Universitesi, Tuzla-Istanbul, Turkey)
Kabir Muhammad Abdul Rashid (Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Department, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria)
Akhtar Rasool (Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci Universitesi, Tuzla-Istanbul, Turkey)
Esref Emre Ozsoy (Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa)
Asif Sabanoviç (Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci Universitesi, Tuzla-Istanbul, Turkey)
Meltem Elitas (Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci Universitesi, Tuzla-Istanbul, Turkey)

Abstract

Purpose

To propose an improved algorithm for the state estimation of distribution networks based on the unscented Kalman filter (IUKF). The performance comparison of unscented Kalman filter (UKF) and newly developed algorithm, termed Improved unscented Kalman Filter (IUKF) for IEEE-30, 33 and 69-bus radial distribution networks for load variations and bad data for two measurement noise scenarios, i.e. 30 and 50 per cent are shown.

Design/methodology/approach

State estimation (SE) plays an instrumental role in realizing smart grid features like distribution automation (DA), enhanced distribution generation (DG) penetration and demand response (DR). Implementation of DA requires robust, accurate and computationally efficient dynamic SE techniques that can capture the fast changing dynamics of distribution systems more effectively. In this paper, the UKF is improved by changing the way the state covariance matrix is calculated, to enhance its robustness and accuracy under noisy measurement conditions. UKF and proposed IUKF are compared under the cummulative effect of load variations and bad data based on various statistical metrics such as Maximum Absolute Deviation (MAD), Maximum Absolute Per cent Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Overall Performance Index (J) for three radial distribution networks. All the simulations are performed in MATLAB 2014b environment running on an hp core i5 laptop with 4GB memory and 2.6 GHz processor.

Findings

An Improved Unscented Kalman Filter Algorithm (IUKF) is developed for distribution network state estimation. The developed IUKF is used to predict network states (voltage magnitude and angle at all buses) and measurements (source voltage magnitude, line power flows and bus injections) in the presence of load variations and bad data. The statistical performance of the coventional UKF and the proposed IUKF is carried out for a variety of simulation scenarios for IEEE-30, 33 and 69 bus radial distribution systems. The IUKF demonstrated superiority in terms of: RMSE; MAD; MAPE; and overall performance index J for two measurement noise scenarios (30 and 50 per cent). Moreover, it is shown that for a measurement noise of 50 per cent and above, UKF fails while IUKF performs.

Originality/value

UKF shows degraded performance under high measurement noise and fails in some cases. The proposed IUKF is shown to outperform the UKF in all the simulated scenarios. Moreover, this work is novel and has justified improvement in the robustness of the conventional UKF algorithm.

Keywords

Citation

Ahmad, F., Muhammad Abdul Rashid, K., Rasool, A., Ozsoy, E.E., Sabanoviç, A. and Elitas, M. (2017), "An improved unscented Kalman filter based dynamic state estimation algorithm for electric distribution Systems", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 1220-1236. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-12-2016-0586

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited