Within the framework of image reconstruction in cylindrical electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) sensors, the purpose of this study is to select the structure of a sensor in terms of number and size of the electrodes, to predict the radius and the position of a single circular shape lying in the cross-section defined by the sensor electrodes.
Nonlinear black-box models using a set of physically independent capacitances and least-square support vector machines models selected with a sophisticated validation method are implemented.
The coordinates of circular shapes are well estimated in fixed and variable permittivity environments even with noisy data. Various numerical experiments are presented and discussed. Sensors formed by three or four electrodes covering 50 per cent of the sensor perimeter provide the best prediction performances.
The proposed method is limited to the detection of a single circular shape in a cylindrical ECT sensor.
This method can be advantageously implemented in real-time applications, as it is numerically cost-effective and necessitates a small amount of measurements.
The contribution is two-fold: a fast computation of a circular shape position and radius with a satisfactory precision compared to the sensor size, and the determination of a cylindrical ECT sensor architecture that allows the most efficient predictions.
Oussar, Y., Margo, C., Lucas, J. and Holé, S. (2017), "Fast circular shapes detection in cylindrical ECT sensors by design selection and nonlinear black-box modeling", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 2-17. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-09-2015-0352Download as .RIS
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited