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High torque and excessive vibration on the induction motors under special voltage fluctuation conditions

Morteza Ghaseminezhad (Sirjan University of Technology, Sirjan, Iran)
Aref Doroudi (Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahed University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran)
Seyed Hossein Hosseinian (Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Alireza Jalilian (Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran)

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 19 August 2021

Issue publication date: 8 October 2021

64

Abstract

Purpose

Voltage fluctuation (flicker) is a power quality disturbance that can produce several undesirable effects on industrial equipment. This paper aims to present the methodology and results of investigations undertaken to examine the speed and torque of an induction motor (IM) under voltage fluctuation conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The IM response to different characteristics of voltage fluctuations is presented. It will be shown that under a special condition the IM torque can even reach two times the rated torque. To show how this occurs, a qualitative discussion is given on the motor response by linearized equations.

Findings

The small-signal analysis was used to determine the frequency which leads to maximum speed fluctuations. It was shown that, if the motor is excited with a modulation frequency (resonant frequency) which is one of its natural frequencies (modes), the mode will act as a fluctuating amplifier and greatly increase the amplitude of torque and speed fluctuations. Sensitivity analysis is also carried out to evaluate the influence of motor parameters on the resonance frequency. The results show that the resonance frequency is not affected at all by the changes in magnetizing reactance. This has been shown that magnetic saturation does not have any impact on the resonance frequency. The most effective parameters are rotor and stator resistances.

Originality/value

With the increasing popularity and use of arc furnace loads in the metallurgy industry and due to the wide application of large IMs in the industry, it is possible that the frequency of torque pulsation locates near a natural frequency and then will create an oscillation with a large magnitude, potentially leading to accelerated fatigue or severe damage of shaft. However, if this phenomenon occurs in industries, the resonance frequency must be filtered from the input voltage. Experimental results on a 1.1 kW, 380 V, 50 Hz, 2 pole IM are used to validate the accuracy of simulation results.

Keywords

Citation

Ghaseminezhad, M., Doroudi, A., Hosseinian, S.H. and Jalilian, A. (2021), "High torque and excessive vibration on the induction motors under special voltage fluctuation conditions", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 40 No. 4, pp. 822-836. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-07-2020-0234

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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