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Influence of the closing rotor slots on the additional losses in the induction motor

Maria Dems (Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland)
Krzysztof Komeza (Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland)
Slawomir Wiak (Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, Łódź University of Technology, Łódź, Poland)
Sara Fernández Coya (Escuela Ingenieria Industrial, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the distribution of the magnetic field and additional losses analysis of the induction motors (IM) with opened and closed rotor slots.

Design/methodology/approach

In the field-circuit approach the distribution and changes of magnetic flux density in the motor are computed using a time-stepping finite element method. The additional losses in each element are evaluated at different frequencies.

Findings

An approximate analytical formulation is derived for rapid losses computation confirmed by the results of field-circuit method. For high-voltage motors due to the size ratios of the core and relatively deep stator and rotor slots major role in causing loss of higher harmonics play a fundamental slot harmonics. Higher harmonics order bigger than 100 cause only small part of total higher harmonics core losses. Closed rotor slots construction influenced significantly on no-load losses mainly due to reduction of losses at slot upper part. For nominal load condition that influence is not so strong according to the saturation of slot tips by rotor leakage flux. Nevertheless, core losses at load are several times higher as at no-load.

Research limitations/implications

In future research authors will take into account motors feed from PWM inverter, working in the frequency range up to 400 Hz.

Practical implications

The results of investigation will be used in more detailed design of IMs especially for motors with closed rotor slots.

Originality/value

The methods presented in the paper was not used before. Also results of additional losses in the motor core calculation, especially according motors with closed slots at no load and load conditions are new.

Keywords

Citation

Dems, M., Komeza, K., Wiak, S. and Fernández Coya, S. (2015), "Influence of the closing rotor slots on the additional losses in the induction motor", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 531-549. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-07-2014-0183

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited