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Influence of curvature on air-gap magnetic field distribution and rotor losses in PM electric machines

Jaime Renedo Anglada (Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK)
Suleiman Sharkh (Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK)
Arfakhshand Qazalbash (Emerson Control Techniques Dynamics Ltd, Southampton, UK)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of curvature on the magnetic field distribution and no-load rotor eddy current losses in electric machines, particularly in high-speed permanent magnet (PM) machines.

Design/methodology/approach

The magnetic field distribution is obtained using conformal mapping, and the eddy current losses are obtained using a cylindrical multilayer model. The analytical results are validated using a two-dimensional finite element analysis. The analytical method is based on a proportional-logarithmic conformal transformation that maps the cylindrical geometry of a rotating electric machine into a rectangular configuration without modifying the length scale. In addition, the appropriate transformation of PM cylindrical domains into the rectangular domain is deduced. Based on this conformal transformation, a coefficient to quantify the effect of curvature is proposed.

Findings

Neglecting the effect of curvature can produce significant errors in the calculation of no-load rotor losses when the ratio between the air-gap length and the rotor diameter is large.

Originality/value

The appropriate transformation of PM cylindrical domains into the rectangular domain is deduced. The proportional-logarithmic transformation proposed provides an insight into the effect of curvature on the magnetic field distribution in the air-gap and no-load rotor losses. Furthermore, the proposed curvature coefficient gives a notion of the effect of curvature for any particular geometry without the necessity of any complicated calculation. The case study shows that neglecting the effect of curvature underestimates the rotor eddy-current losses significantly in machines with large gap-to-rotor diameter ratios.

Keywords

Citation

Renedo Anglada, J., Sharkh, S. and Qazalbash, A. (2017), "Influence of curvature on air-gap magnetic field distribution and rotor losses in PM electric machines", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 871-891. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-05-2016-0200

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited